English 112 Final Exam
Chapter 1 (genre)
1. What is genre (how does Giltrow define it?) and how is it related to cultural situations?
2. How do cultural situations imprint language?
3. Identify 3 examples of cultural situations that have specific kinds of writing associated with
them. What are the features of these genres?
4. What are the salient (distinguishing) features of the research genres? Identify as many
characteristics as you can think of, and describe their purpose. (Flip through Academic Reading if
you need to find some examples).
Chapter 3 (citation/states of knowledge)
1. What is citation? Is it unique to scholarly writing? Identify several ways in which an academic
paper might cite a source.
2. What are reporting expressions?
3. Why do scholars use citation?
4. Define state of knowledge and knowledge deficit.
Chapter 4 (summaries)
1. What is a summary? What are some of the characteristics of a summary?
2. How do reporting expressions help to identify a summarizer's position?
3. What is reporting reporting? (Sometimes called double reporting). What is its value to
Chapter 5 (summaries cont'd)
1. Pretend you are explaining to a student who hasn't yet taken English 112 how to summarize a
passage that remains at "high levels of generalities" (i.e. consists mostly of abstractions).
(Remember to define abstraction).
2. Explain how to summarize a passage that contains mostly lowerlevel details.
3. What is narrative, and why can it be especially difficult to summarize?
Chapter 6 (orchestrating voices)
1. What is meant by the phrase orchestrating voices?
2. What special arrangements do you need to make to introduce nonscholarly voices into an
Chapter 7 (definitions)
1. Why are definitions important characteristics of research papers? What work do they do?
2. Why do we need to go further than a dictionary when defining a term for an academic paper?
3. What is an apposition? List the mechanical techniques for introducing an apposition.
4. Define formal definition. How would you develop a formal definition? (Select one of the
abstractions we've looked at to date as an example).
5. Define sustained definition. Again, what techniques could you use to develop a sustained
definition? (Select one of the abstractions we've looked at to date as an example).
6. Giltrow describes knowledge as "the product of social activities" (85). This is reflected in the
ways abstractions are developed and used in different disciplines. Briefly explain the social profile
of abstractions, as this subject is discussed in the textbook. Chapters 9 & 10: Scholarly Styles
1. What is genre violation and how is it connected to common sense and uncommon sense?
2. Why does scholarly expression often use big noun phrases?
3. What are the two ways in which big noun phrases challenge readers?
4. What are som