[EOSC 114] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 108 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 29 Nov 2016
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UBC
EOSC 114
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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EOSC 114 May 9, 2016
Fragile System
Disaster: Substantial event causing
1) Physical damage
2) Injury or loss of life
3) A drastic change to environment
Humans and Disasters
1) High fatalities in developing countries
2) High costs in developed countries
Death (fatalities) and destruction (economic losses) from natural disasters
increasing because of population growth. More people, more structures in
hazardous settings.
Disasters getting worse. But hazards themselves are not increasing in frequency
or severity.
Hazard – Any event or situation that could cause human (deaths, injuries)
or economic harm (property, prosperity)
Vulnerability – A weakness that could be affected by a disaster. (i.e. how
badly it could be affected).
The severity of problems that a community (people, property,
infrastructure, resources, environment) will suffer if exposed to a particular
natural hazard.
Risk – Probability that any given hazardous event might occur (chance of
potential loss).
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Risk = Hazard x Vulnerability
* Smaller the Hazard/Vulnerability, the smaller the risk.
When judging risk, take into the account of the statistics (In reality, which one is
more likely?)
Factors that can skew human perception of risk:
1) Personal control
2) Catastrophic
3) Lack of understanding
4) Sensationalization
5) Age & Gender
6) Perception of location
7) Phobias
8) Social norms
9) Dread
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Document Summary

Disaster: substantial event causing: physical damage, injury or loss of life, a drastic change to environment. Humans and disasters: high fatalities in developing countries, high costs in developed countries. Death (fatalities) and destruction (economic losses) from natural disasters increasing because of population growth. But hazards themselves are not increasing in frequency or severity. Hazard any event or situation that could cause human (deaths, injuries) or economic harm (property, prosperity) Vulnerability a weakness that could be affected by a disaster. (i. e. how badly it could be affected). The severity of problems that a community (people, property, infrastructure, resources, environment) will suffer if exposed to a particular natural hazard. Risk probability that any given hazardous event might occur (chance of potential loss). * smaller the hazard/vulnerability, the smaller the risk. When judging risk, take into the account of the statistics (in reality, which one is more likely?)

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