Chapter 6 Independent Questions.doc

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University of British Columbia
Family Studies
FMST 210

1Chapter 6 Independent Questions I Theories of Social and Personality DevelopmentA Psychoanalytical Perspectives1a Identify the reported results of Harlow and Zimmermans 1959 studies with the monkeys reared with surrogate mothers When the monkeys were placed with two surrogate mothers the wire mother with feedings and the cloth mother without feedings they tend to cuddle against the cloth mother and ran to it whenever they were frightened or stressed except for when they were really hungry they approached the wire motherb Why does your textbook conclude that this study provides evidence to support Eriksons ideas rather than Freuds Freud said that it was a gratifying development followed by a balanced weaning process that results the infants development of a sense of both attachment to and separation from the mother However the experiment suggested that the infants social relationships are not based solely on either nursing or weaning practices which supports Eriksons view Eriksons view said that nursing and weaning are only on aspect of the overall social environment and responding to the infants other needs is just as importantc View the following video of Harlow and Zimmermans studies and record the research findings presented in the videos some findings should overlap with your response to 1ahttpvideogooglecomvideoplaydocid2310389945258736844docid2364883146140025008B Ethological Perspectives 2a Although Bowlby was a trained psychoanalyst his theory is more consistent withethological perspectives WhyThis is because of his childhood influence He was born to upper class British parents and raised by nanny which was upper class social clock or age norms in Britain In addition because of social values in Britain of parental attention is bad to children he was sent off to boarding school at 7 years of age These influences affected Bowlby to be more consistent with ethological perspectives which is the view that the ability and need to form an attachment relationship early in life are genetic characteristics of all human beingsb Bowlby distinguished between two different types of affectionate human relationships What is the difference between an affectionate bond and attachmentAffectional bond is the emotional tie to an infant experienced by parent Attachment is the emotional tie to a parent experienced by infant from which the child derives securityc Define reactive attachment disorderThe view that the ability and need to form an attachment relationship early in life are genetic characteristics of all human beingsNo Easy Answers 3Read the No Easy Answers research report on pp 163164aWhy might the formation of attachment be more challenging for infants that are adoptedFirst many aspects of temperament and personality are inherited meaning an adopted child is more likely than a biological child to be different from his parents in these traits
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