FNH 250 Study Guide - Final Guide: Macrocytic Anemia, Glutathione Peroxidase, Vitamin B6

209 views4 pages
Published on 21 Jul 2017
School
UBC
Department
Food, Nutrition and Health
Course
FNH 250
Professor
ENERGY METABOLISM
Nutrient Intro
Major Functions
Deficiency:
Risk/Symptoms
Toxicity:
Risk/Symptoms
Food Sources
Nutrient-Nutrient
Interrelationships
Thiamin
Neural action
Neurotransmitters
Beri-beri (polished rice)
Neural damage
Muscle wasting
Edema (浮腫)
Extremely low risk
Pork, ham
Organ meats
Squash
Riboflavin
Activation of vitamin B6 to its coenzyme form
Activity of glutathione peroxidase (antioxidant
enzyme)
Ariboflavinosis
Stomatitis
Cheilosis (嘴角)
Glossitis
Dermatitis
Extremely low risk
Milk/products
Milk alternatives
Activates B6
Niacin
DNA replication
Cell differentiation
4D’s:
Dermatitis
Diarrhea
Dementia
Death
Nicotinic acid: lowers
LDL
Niacin flush
Liver damage
Chicken, beef
Tuna, halibut
Vitamin B6
Transamination (synthesis of non-essential aa)
Glycogenolysis
Synthesis WBC, RBC
Trp Niacin
Gluconeogenesis
Rare
Supplement use
PMS: Neural damage
(numbness)
Beef, liver
Fish
Legumes
Vitamin B12
Intracellular activation of folate
Synthesis of myelin sheath
Macrocytic anemia
Patchy myelin sheath
Extremely low risk
Animal only:
Oysters, clam
Meat alternative
NOT spirulina, miso
Activates folate
Folate
Intracellular activation of B12
DNA synthesis
Macrocytic anemia
Neural tube defects
Extremely low risk
Bile excretion
Legumes, grain
products
Foliage (leaves)
Activates vitamin B12
Pantothenic Acid
(pantos =
everywhere)
Synthesis of:
hemoglobin
fatty acids
neurotransmitters
Rare
None
Liver
Fish
Mushrooms
Avocado
FNH 250: Vitamin & Mineral Summary Chart Page 1 7
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