GEOG 122 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Kenichi Ohmae, Barter, Scientific Management

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7 Feb 2017

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Interlocking set of social, economic, political & cultural processes & relationships associated w the european view of a modern society. Developed from the 17th century until the mid-20th century: mid-20th century: regarded as a global norm to which all states would aspire and advance. Describing a whole way of life, institutions and attitudes. 18th century enlightenment: reason > tradition. Idea of progress: technology, e(cid:272)ularis(cid:373) as (cid:862)(cid:373)a(cid:374) is the (cid:373)easure(cid:863) French philosopher: descartes: (cid:862)i thi(cid:374)k; therefore, i a(cid:373)(cid:863, rational thought defines human nature. From the court to the parliament, monarchy to democracy. From empire to nation state; 20th century welfare state. The rationality of the market and its exchange and labour contracts. Factory system, mass production, economies of scale (henry ford) Growing productivity and wealth: keynesianism in 1930s government involvement in the economy = norm, neo-liberalism: 1980s onwards (cid:858)the (cid:373)arket k(cid:374)o(cid:449)s (cid:271)est(cid:859) free market, less gov. involvement in economy. 1989: free trade agreement between canada & the u. s.

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