History 103 Whole Year Study Guide

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Department
History
Course
HIST 103
Professor
Frank Roberts
Semester
Winter

Description
Breaches of International Law by USA regarding to the War on TerrorDid not follow the international law regarding prisoners of war not recognizing prisoners of war A lot of POWs shipped to Guantanamo Bay Even after Cuba became independent US still held Guantanamo very odd situation because US has territory on sovereign country New interrogation set up to torture people without claiming to be subject to any law whatsoeverSecond violation tortureUS would literally kidnap people off the streets anywhere in the world and ship them anywhere they wanted to rendition US would operate by repatriating people who they captured to countries like Egypt etc Canada also became involved in the caseWeek 2 reading State should be subject to laws Idea that when you act you are acting in a way thats affirming or violating a law You should not act in a way thats not subjected to a universal principal Ex if the US are torturing then why should they complain when they are being tortured Countries have a monopoly on the legitimate use of force Max Weber 1919Political institutions govern a defined territoryMax Weber a state is a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory1 Limits to state power Citizens have rights that set limits on how far state power can go2 The state is not supposed to be arbitrary state officials conducted must proceed according to public law Laws are codified so that all can understand what laws they are supposed to be subject to3 Accountable State officials are accountable to citizens they can be dismissed or sanctioned information about what officials are doing is open4 Participation of the citizens citizens can hold office can elect state officials determine what the laws are No one has a status purely determined by hereditary rightthBritish Empire in the 19 Century ththIndustrial revolution in the late 18early 19 century in Britain productivity increases in production of textiles iron railways UK imported large quantities of raw materials and exported large quantities of manufactures With industrialization its empire grew Prior to industrialization the British empire was about plantations and settler colonialism in the Americas and buying goods in Asia Not about exporting the products of UK abroadBritain had already militarily defeated the Spanish Dutch and French by 1815 Its thempire in the 19 century was the largestAt the start of 1800s British empire was a rather smallscale affair though spread across the globe West Indies eastern parts of Canada outposts in West Africa Cape of Good Hope eastern and southern India parts of AustraliaBy end of 1800s it had much more territory All of India Burma Malaya Singapore all of Australia more islands in the Pacific and Indian Ocean many regions in African including Egypt and Suez canal opened in 1869By 1900 Britain had 45 million people ruling over about 250 million 322 million of which were in IndiaBritain had a string of ports circling the globe including Gibraltar AdenSingapore Hong Kong VictoriaIndustrialization and imperialism elites in other places all around the world wanted to imitate Britain industrialize and build empiresthCountries that industrialized in the late 19 century are called the late industrializers and all of these late industrializers wanted to conquer coloniesthGermany Japan Russia and USA drive for empire in late 19 century and even BelgiumGermany Germany began making claims to African territory in 1884 claiming Southwest Africa and parts of west Africa Also claimed parts of South Pacific and ChinaKing Leopold of Belgium claimed the Congo which had been recently mapped but Portugal also claimed itTo resolve these disputes among European powers the German chancellor Bismarck convened the Berlin Congress Attended by GB AustriaHungary France Germany Russia Portugal Denmark Spain Italy Netherlands Sweden Belgium and TurkeyCongress carved up Africa in various spheres of influence1897 Foreign Secretary Bernhard von Bulow declared that Germany has a right to a colony in the sunAn idea of the struggle of the fittest on an international level
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