Tutorial 5 - Engma and English Stress Solutions.doc

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LING 101
Strang Burton

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Linguistics 101 ­ Tutorial Problems For TA­5 Engma and English Verb Stress • Do this problem together as a group of 2 or 3 in tutorial • Groups may be called to the board to transcribe on the board ______________________________________________________________________________ Q1. Transcribe the following words according to Canadian English pronunciations. hang singer sinner binge Bing hæŋ sɪŋər sɪnər bɪndʒ bɪŋ  bɪnǰ _________________________________________________________________________________ angry sangria Chang cringe finger æŋgri sæŋgriə tʃæŋ krɪndʒ fɪngər čæŋ krɪnǰ __________________________________________________________________________________ Q2. Transcribe the words in the first column below in the IPA, using broad transcription.  The third  column shows  the words divided up into syllables for you.  In the fourth column re­write your IPA, this time divided into the same  syllable divisions. astonish əstɑnəʃ a  sto nish ə stɑ  nəʃ consider kənsIdər con  si  der kən  sI dər imagine əmædʒən i   ma   gine ə mæ  dʒən determine dətərmən de  ter  mine də  tər mən promise prɑməs pro   mise prɑ  məs In every multi­syllable word, one syllable is stressed which means it is slightly louder, longer, and with slightly higher  pitch. The words above illustrate the basic English stress rule for verbs (it is different for nouns).  Get a native speaker in  your group to say the words, and determine where the stress falls in these words.  Is it: (a) On the first syllable? (b) On the last syllable (what linguists call "ultimate")?  (c) On the second­to­last (what linguists call "penultimate") syllable?   It falls on the second­to­last (penultimate) syllable.  Many languages target the penultimate syllable for stress (or, as in  Latin, the antepenultimate, the one before the penultimate). Some languages, like French, also target the ultimate  (last). Q3. Now repeat the transcription above with the following set of words. adapt ədæpt a  dapt ə dæpt collapse kəlæps co   llapse kə læps elect əlεkt e   lect ə lεkt Page 1 of 3 observe ɑbzərv ob   serve ɑb     zərv lament ləmεnt la   ment lə mεnt Stress is not on the same syllable as for the last set.  Assume the rule above you established in Q2 is  basically  correct, but that stress is “attracted” to the last syllable when it has a certain shape.  What is different about the final  syllables in this set, as opposed to and those i
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