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History 221 Lecture Notes.docx

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Department
Music
Course
MUSC 221
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
MUSC 221 History IVModernism070114newwaysofunderstandingandcreatingartthrevolutionaryperioddevelopmentoftheartsofthe20centuryoBaroquerevolutionarycreatingandexperiencingtheartsEzraPoundMakeitnewmodernistartsoverturnedtenetsofartisticproductionthathadruledforcenturiesopaintingideaofrepresentationrepresentingtheideaobjectmodernistschangewhatisrepresentationegcubismoliteraturealinearnarrativeaclearauthorialvoiceonenarratorJamesJoycesUlyssesstreamofconsciousnesstechniqueseriesofthoughtsinyourheadoMusictonalityconsistentmeterandtheideaofmusicasdifferentfromsoundegschoenbergspierrotlunaireThesoupofismallpartofmodernismSymbolismExpressionismprimitivismneoclassicismfuturismvorticismdadismsurrealismcubismSymbolismthmvtthataroseinFranceinlate19centSymbolismisstronglyassociatedwpoetryalthothemvtincldramavisualartsmusicsymbolistpoetsvaluedcolorsonorousqualitiesofwordsasmuchasorevenmorethanwhatthewordsmeantoopenforinterpretationandambiguityStphaneMallarmandthecrisisovernuitnightjourdayExpressionismthearly20centuryartisticmvtinvisualartsdramacinemaandmusicCenteredinAustriaandGermanyfocusedonexpressionofdisturbinginnerstatesviolentrageinsanitystrongsexualurgesthataretypicallyrepressedinsocietybothexpressionistartistsSigmundFreudpeeredintoinsubconsciousrevolutionarymvtintermsofartisticstylesideasaboutartthefocusontheuglyanddisturbinginspirednewartisticlanguageschallengedtheideathatartshouldbeaboutthebeautifulandthatitcouldedifyelevateindividualsOskarKokoschkaMurdererHopeofAllWomenInspirationpietatheoperaTristanIsoldeClaudeDebussyNuages1899090114thNewwaysofexperiencingmusicwaysitcontrastsw19RomanticismInfluences on DebussyNationalismmemberoftheNatlSocietysignedlateworksClaudeDebussyFrenchMusicianFrenchstanceoCultivatingFrenchmusicandcreateadistinctFrenchStyleusingmusicthatsnotnecessarilyFrenchRussianStylesDebussyknewtheworksofMussorgskyandwasinterestedinhisuseofnonmajorminorscalesandnonconventionalharmonicprogressionsosentbyTchaikovskyssponsorNonWesternStyles1889WorldsExhibitioninParisAsianstylesUseofnonmajorminorscalesinstrumentationoexposuretotheAsianstyleinfluencedbyitgamelanChineseModernistCirclesinParisImpressionistPaintersandSymbolistArtistsMallarmegPreludetotheAfternoonofaFaunoWagnersdramaticoperaDebussywasinfluencedoFrancesprideindistinctoperaoMusicalPoliticalTensionbetweenFranceandGermanyElementsofmusicallanguageNewwaysofexperiencingmusicAffinitiesonsymbolismNuagescloudsPartofa3mvtNocturnebeinspiredbythenaturenotimitatenatureDebussylikesambiguitysymbolistthingFormlikestopresentthebasicideasandrepeatthemthroughoutthepieceABAAmm163oa1mm110oa2mm1132oa3mm3363Bmm6479Amm80120NuagesFromlargerOrchestralPieceNocturnesInspirationfromnaturenatureasamodelTonalambiguityGMbmUnresolvedtritoneEnglishhornmelodyRepetitionofsectionwemphasisisonchangesintimbreandharmoniccolourNonstandardprogressionsparalleltriadsLittlesenseofforwardmotionnodynamicqualityAffinitieswithsymbolismemphasisoncolourofwordssoundsandambiguityUseofnonMajorMinorscalespentatoniclookingforalternativewaysforMmscalesAsianinfluencepentatonicscalesfluteharpinstrumentationRelatethoseideasinthingsinNuageStravinskyborninstPetersburgin1882studiedwithrimskykorsakovwhoconnectedStravinskytothefivecaptureseyeofsergeDiaghilevleaderoflesballetsrussesmostcreativeartisticballetcompanyliketoshockaudienceStravinskywrotetwoworksforlesballetsrussesfirebird1910petrouschka1911RiteofspringvaslavNijinskyprincipaldancerandchoreographyandNicholasroerichsetscostumes also likes to shock peopleRiteofspringconnectedwiththeFiveandRussianfolkmusictradition140114AncientRussianomadictribesarrivalfromspringenactofcelebrationsandritesplotlessseriesofritessacrificialvictimtothegodstothankthemforthearrivalofspringdancetothedeathinfuriatedcriticsbecauseitsplotlessandviolentrhythmicandmelodicpracticesfromRussianfolkmusictakeitafewstepsfurthertocreateaboldinnovationFirstlastdancemvtmadeabassoonsoundlikeafolkinstrumentinthehighregisternoregularsequenceTheRiteofSpringAugursofSpringorDanceoftheAdolescentsRhythmNonperiodicprogressionseebelowabouttyrannycommoninRussianMusicStravinskyoverthrowthetyrannyofthebarline
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