PSYC 102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Hermann Rorschach, Normative Social Influence, In-Group Favoritism

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
UBC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 102
Professor
PSYC 102 Book Definitions 01/04/2013 18:00:00
- CH13 p512 -
Personality
An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
Psychodynamic theories
View personality with a focus on the unconscious and the importance of
child hood
Free association
In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the
person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial
or embarrassing
Psychoanalysis
Freud‟s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to
unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating
psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious
tensions.
Unconscious
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thought, wishes,
feelings and memories. According to contemporary psychologists,
information processing of which we are unaware.
ID
A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud,
strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The ID operates on
the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification
Ego
The largely conscious, executive art of personality that, according to
Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The
ego operates on the reality principles, satisfying the id‟s desires in ways
that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain
Superego
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The part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized
ideals and provides standards for judgement and for future aspirations
Psychosexual stages
The childhood stages of development during which the id‟s pleasure
seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones
Oedipus complex
According to Freud, a boy‟s sexual desires toward his mother and feeling
of jealousy and hatred for the rival father
Identification
The process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their
parents‟ values into their developing superegos
Fixation
A lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual
stage, in which conflicts were unresolved
Defence mechanism
In psychoanalytic theory, the ego‟s protective methods of reducing
anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality
Repression
In psychoanalytic theory, the basic defence mechanism hat banishes
anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings and memories from consciousness
Collective unconscious
Carl Jung‟s concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces
from our species history
Projective test
A personality test, such as the Rorschach, that provides ambiguous
stimuli designed to trigger projection of one‟s inner dynamics
Rorschach inkblot test
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Them most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by
Hermann Rorschach, seeks to identify people‟s inner feelings by analyzing
their interpretations of the blots
Terror-management theory
A theory of death-related anxiety, explores people‟s emotional and
behavioural responses to reminders of their impending death
Humanistic theories
View personality with focus on the potential for healthy personal growth
Self-Actualization
According to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises
after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is
achieved, the motivation to fulfil one‟s potential
Unconditional positive regard
According to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance toward another
person
Self-concept
All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question,
“who am I?”
Trait
A characteristic pattern of behaviour or a disposition to feel and act, as
assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports
Personality inventory
A questionnaire n which people respond to items designed to gauge a
wide range feelings and behaviour; used to asses selected personality
traits
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
The most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests.
Originally developed to indentify emotional disorders, this test is no used
for many other screening purposes
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Document Summary

An individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. View personality with a focus on the unconscious and the importance of child hood. In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing. Freud s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. According to freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thought, wishes, feelings and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware. A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification. The largely conscious, executive art of personality that, according to. Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality.

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