-its not multiple personalities disorder
-affects more men than women
-positive symptoms: (is there but it should NOT be, excess)
-delusions and hallucinations: bizarre irrational thinking; very real to a person
with schizophrenia but not to normal people. Experience things in the
environment thats not really there. Hear things as well; more common than see
things. Often the things they see or hear its something bad.
-disorganized speech: communicate with them its hard because they always
-disorganized behavior: do things that are inappropriate socially.
-negative symptoms: like depressions (things should be present that are absent)
-hedonic: if I am hedonic I am seeking pleasure things, but people that are
anhedonic they dont.
-too much dopamine in the frontal lobe
-have executive dysfunction
-have problems with frontal lobe; ex: working memory
Schizophrenia: subtypes -paranoid type: delusions and hallucinations. Excess of positive symptoms
-disorgnaized type: have trouble focusing on goals and carrying them out.
Damage to the frontal lobe.
-catatonic type: stop moving completely. Extreme in movements
-undifferentiated type: people with schizophrenia but dont fit into any subtype
Schizophrenia: onset and course
-diathesis stress model of psychological illness
-combination the genetic predisposition and amount of stress
-rarely happens in children.
-prodromal phase: somewhere between normal and schizophrenia. If you will get
schizophrenia or not.
-drugs that helped
-25% completely recover
-25% much improved, relatively independent
-25% improved but require extensive support
-15% hospitalized, unimproved
-10% dead (mostly suicide) -schizophrenia patients are likely to hurt themselves
-clozaril, risperdal, abilify, seroquel
-less dopamine but cannot have too low because it will be like parkinson's
-social skills training (schizophrenia patients have trouble communicating with
-behavioral family therapy (help the family)
-electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
-last resort (this damage the brain, memory loss) because of the hippocampus.
-tend to lift the negative symptoms and suppress the positive symptoms
-major depressive disorder
Major depressive Disorder (aka unipolar depression)
-sadness (very sad and for a long period of time)
-anhedonia (do not seek out pleasure) -change in sleep (sleep too much or not enough)
-change in appetite (eat too much or too little)
-fatigue, loss of energy
-feelings of worthlessness, excessive guilt
-decreased ability to think, concentrate
Dysthymia (last longer and less sadness)
-chronically depressed mood for 2+ years
-less severe but last longer
Major depression and dysthymia: onset and course
-lifetime risk: 10 to 25% (female) 5 to 12% (male
-more likely to develop major depression
Bipolar disorder (I and II) -BPD-I: Mania
-inflated self esteem: grandiosity (better than anyone, greater than anyone)
-decreased need for sleep