Study Guides (238,342)
Canada (115,087)
Psychology (652)
PSYC 302 (8)

highlighted notes for final.pdf

113 Pages
Unlock Document

University of British Columbia
PSYC 302
Kiley J Hamlin

5 Components of Languagephonology deals with soundsmorphologysemantics deals with meaningLanguage Developmentsyntax grammarInfancypragmatics how to use language to communicateMust distinguish between language production and language comprehensionStages of Language Phonemes v MorphemesDevelopment in Infancy Birth reexive sounds like crying gruntingPhonemesthe smallest units of soundcooing and laughter begins around 6 weeksMorphemesthe smallest units of meaningIntentional vocal play babbling etc begins I is a phoneme and a morphemearound 46 monthsS and h are phonemes so is ShFirst words 810 monthsThe noun bin has 3 phonemes b i and n and one morpheme 2word utterances 18 monthsBins has 4 phonemes and 2 morphemes one after 25 years or so vocab increases meaning container and the other meaning pluraldramatically vocabulary spurtLanguage Development Themes of Language Fast and ImpressiveDevelopmentNature v Nurture much of language is learning your particular language butNewborns are speechless but 5yearolds Are there innate domainspecic language learning are about as good at language as adults aremechanismssmaller vocabularies and simpler Or is language learned through domaingeneral cognitive mechanisms that support all kinds of learningexpression but the grammar etc is all Crosscultural similaritiesdifferencesthereIndividual differencesHOW DO THEY DO THISThere is great variability in the timing of language developmentWhat if any effects does this variability haveThe human brain is specialized for languageWho learns languageHumansNHPs whove been raised with spoken language dont speak those raised with sign or other symbols dont seem to have syntaxBabiesWe speak with the left hemispherePaul BrocaLanguage lateralized even in infants increases over developmentWaaaaaaay better at it than adults areBrocas aphasia difculty producing anyWernickes aphasia difculty understanding and producing understandablecritical periodbest to experience language input before age 5Deaf signing individuals can have same aphasiasnot specic to modalityCritical PeriodsCritical Periods Bilinguals BrainsYoung children are amazing language learners adults are terribleChildren with damage to language areas often bounce back adults do not Even when Deprivation studies are unethical some reallife examplescomparing groups Victor feral child found at age 12 never learned more than few wordswith pretty equal Genie strapped to a potty chair for 13 years not spoken tondprociency late 2 eventually learned words not grammarlanguage learners but she was badly abusedsecond language is Chelsea thought to be mentally retarded but only deafnot lateralizedgiven hearing aid at 30 again didnt develop syntaxloving if misguided homeThe Learning Newports Critical Period StudiesAge at exposure not total exposure Environmenttime predicts syntactic outcomes in 1 Examined immigrants to US based particular as well as accent noun on time in US and age at arrivallearning for instance is neFor monolingual babies theyre perceiving their native language even in the womb2 Examined age at exposure to ASLAgerelated change only happens before puberty After that doesnt mostly overhearing their mom talking to othersmatter all badAfter birth overhearing adult speech and hearing and overhearing Infant Directed Talk mothereseslower simpler louder higherpitched accentuates word boundaries accentuates noun phrasesvery grammaticalrepetitiverecasts childs utterances
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 302

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.