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PSYC 308 Lecture 99: 308 highlight term

4 pages90 viewsWinter 2019

Course Code
PSYC 308
Heather Armstrong
Study Guide

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Chapter 9
What Causes Attraction
The person Next door/The propinquity effect
Propinquity Effect :The finding that the more we see and interact with people, the more
likely they are to become our friends
Mere Exposure Effect :The finding that the more expo- sure we have to a stimulus, the
more apt we are to like it
Similarity :Attraction to people who are like us
Complementarity :Attraction to people who are opposite to us
Reciprocal liking
Reciprocal Liking When you like someone and that person also likes you
Physical Attractive and liking
Attraction and the misattribution of Arousal
Misattribution of Arousal :The process whereby people make mistaken inferences about
what is causing them to feel the way they do
Forming close relationship
Companionate Love :The feelings of intimacy and affec- tion we feel toward someone
with whom our lives are deeply intertwined
Passionate Love :The feelings of intense longing, accompanied by physiological arousal, we
feel for another per- son; when our love is reciprocated, we feel great fulfillment and ecstasy;
but, when it is not, we feel sadness and despair
Why do we love?
Attachment Theory :The theory that our behaviour in adult relationships is based on our
experiences as infants with our parents or caregivers
Secure Attachment Style :An attachment style characterized by trust, a lack of concern with
being abandoned, and the view that one is worthy and loved
Avoidant Attachment Style :An attachment style characterized by a suppression of attachment
needs because attempts to be intimate have been rebuffed; people with this style find it difficult
to develop intimate relationships
Anxious/Ambivalent Attachment Style An attachment style characterized by a concern that
others will not reciprocate one’s desire for intimacy, resulting in higher-than- average levels of
Fearful Avoidant Style A type of avoidant attachment in which close relationships are avoided
because of mistrust and fears of being hurt
Dismissive Avoidant Style A type of avoidant attachment in which the person is self-sufficient
and claims not to need close relationships
Maintain close relationships
Social Exchange Theory The theory that how people feel about a relationship depends on
their perceptions of the rewards and costs of the relationship, the kind of relationship they
deserve, and the probability that they could have a better relationship with someone else
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