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Soci 200 Entire course Notes.docx

39 Pages

Course Code
SOCI 200

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Sept 14 2011Polygyny1 man married to several wivesmost frequent form of polygamymultiple wives are mark of prestige shows that you can provide for all of them more moneyshow wealthsororal polygynyall wives are sisters stronger family alliances connections more inclined to see the child as yours because its from your sister minimize conflict political family reasons Polyandry1 wife married to several husbandsrare in extreme poverty this reduces fertility rates because only 1 child a year possiblepracticed for economic securitythree breadwinner husbands bringing home more money to the familybetter more resourcesoccurs in conditions of extreme poverty and limited roles for women in productive economyfemale infanticide common to eliminate wife surplusFraternal polyandryall husbands are brotherscompetition for wife is lower cause theyre all relatedinheritance idea brotherssimilar traits in childcannot be sure about paternity child would look like all of them so there is less doubt about childs father Group Marriage several husbands and wives all married to each other difficulties accepting each others spousesalways malefemaleavoiding jealousyhave to go to a board to get permission for additional wivesthis is enforced to prevent jealousyfavoruitismschedules to eliminate favouritism each get a husband for a certain timehousing problemscan be issue have to think about childrenhow to fit them all becomes complicatedprivacyprivacy in ahousehold is limiteddivision of labour whos going to raise children collectively or mothers raise own childconflict over division who gets what joboutside negativitynot a common practice internalexternal issues people on the outside disagree Jealousycowives more jealous than cohusbandswives are chosen do not chooseless choice contributes to jealousywives may be jealous more because of fertility reasons ex I dont want my husband having a child with her comes down to power which resides with the men who get to choose the wives more than vice versa woman often dont have the choice or power which fuels the jealouscohusbands are more likely to be brothersjealousy less among siblings modified nuclearextended familynuclear family retains considerable autonomy but has coalition with other nuclear families where exchange contact goodsservices separate units but really close together in laws in the same household joint family2 brothers with own wives and children living together in the same house or parental couple with their married sons and sons offspringcommon source of fundsall of the families earnings go into one pooleveryone pitches into the familycommon kitchen and dining roomall eat together spend their nights together but spend their nights awayusually patrilineal stem family2 families in adjacent gengerations joined by economic and blood tieseg couple living with parentsdevice for maintaining family estatedo not pool resources not sharing money in the sense of I have access to your funds and you mine Kinship Boundariesall set up prelawyers law systems 1 property holding and inheritance set amounts generally given to spouseschildren basic coverage to family members even if there isnt a will no willgoes to next of kin where husbandwife gets most of everything but there is concession for children if no spouse or children parents goes to siblingscousins No surviving first linksgoes to somebody If no one looks for the money then govt keeps itunilinealtracing decent through only one sidepatrilinealall members descend from same line of fathers if father dies grandfather or uncle takes care of son next nearest male relative to take care of childrenmatrilinealall members descend from the same line of mothers if father dies grandmother or aunt takes care of daughter next nearest female relative to take care of childrendouble descent bilinealperson is kin to both mothers line of mothers and fathers line of fathersmultilinieal bilateraldescended from both sides in Canada we practice this 2 housing and residential proximity 3 obligation to help in time of need 4 affection and primary relationshipsSept 16 2011SOCI 2002 housing and residential proximitypatrilocallive with parents of groom most commonmatrilocallive with parents of bride bilocal live with both neolocallive on own away from parents still tends to be close geographical proximity to parents and siblings 3 obligations to helpkinkeeperusually femalekeep members of family in touch with one another my family examplegrandmother or momshare servicesgiftsassist in times of need4 affection and primary relationshipsaffectionbeing emotionally close to kinwomen more affectionate than men expressedchildparent affection increases with agea theory provides a framework of ideas that can be used to answer questions about the worldtheories can be used singly or in combination with other theoriesthey study of theories are important because they shape government policy methods of therapy and other ways society relates to familiestaking all of the individual pieces of information and trying to find some logical groupings eg Causes of cheating or infidelity taking vast amount of information to make a theory test theorymore data pointsrevise theorystructural functionalfounded by Talcott Parsons 1930semphasizes interdependency of partsactor conforms to preexisting standards for the good of the whole idea is that all parts of society are all linked what happens in a religious system is linked to what happens to our families what happens to our family is linked with school govt work all interlinkedpurpose of familywe as inidividuals are supposed to do things to benefit a larger societyfamilycommunityassumptionthe whole must survive o family maintains survival of the societyproducing new memberssocializing its new members to conform o family survives througheconomic cooperation
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