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Midterm 2

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SOCI 240
Silvia Bartolic

Midterm 2: The following will be covered on midterm 2: Sandstrom et al. Chapters 4, 5 and 6 Holstein et al. pages: 107-138, 161-176, 79-94, 204-226, 245-267, 341-380, 384-404, 419-427 PPT # 5, 6, 9, 8 Definition of Self Self has a distinct meaning from the symbolic interactionist perspective -Not the same as identity, actor, personality -Self is an object of the actor’s own action Self as a social Object -Arises out of social interaction: individual sees herself as an object in the environment through interaction with others -View self indirectly from other’s point of view Stages in the Development of Self: 1) Preparatory Stage: Mead -Child imitates adult -Imitation lacks meaning or symbolic understanding -Social objects not yet defined or understood with words that have meaning to the child 2) Play Stage: Mead -Occurs during language acquisition -Label and define objects with words that have shared meaning -Child takes the perspective of specific individuals(significant others) with whom he/she identifies(usually parents) -Only takes perspective of one significant other at a time 3) Game Stage: Mead -Occurs around age 4-5 -Necessity of assuming perspective of several others simultaneously -Knowing one’s position in relation to a complex set of others -Incorporate all significant others into one “generalized other”(them, society) -Self becomes defined by the individual AND by them(internalization of society) -Important for consistency in action ex: playing house, seeing different perspectives such as mom, dad, brother, dog Reference Groups: Shibutani -Individual interacts with many different groups of individuals -Have several reference group -Significant others become a complex mixture of generalized others with separate social worlds 1. Self Communication -actor talks to him/herself -thoughts 2. Self Perception Assessment of our own action -Self is present in all situations we are in -Cannot hide anything from yourself ex: having another person follow you around 24/7 Self-Concept -The stable picture we have of ourselves -Not fixed but stable overtime and situations -Influences what we do in every situation -Can be changed Self-Judgement -Often called self-esteem -Appraisal of ourselves -Results from social interaction Identity -The name we call ourselves -The social location of an individual- where one is situated in relation to others -Identities are labels used by reference groups and significant others of the individual -Three levels of identity are basic(age,sex), general(roles), independent(soccer player, dancer) -Turner states core identities are ‘real selves’ 3. Self Control: -Able to control our own actions -Social rules become the standards by which individuals control his or her actions Thoughts on I and ME “I” self as subject -The beginning of an act -Untouched by society -Impulsive, creative “Me” self as object -Completes the act Mind Action: -Thinking is what symbolic interactionists call “mind” The “I” self: Three Important scholars -impulsive, creative 1) William James: Father of modern psychology -Supported by William James -Doesn’t differ too much day- -Principles of Psychology (1892) day -Introduced basic notion of psychology, among them the notion of SELF -Grounded in subjective experience -Personality comprised of two elements The “I” self: the self as knower, recognized as continuing in time, identity -Only one who places us in the “I” self The “Me” self: the self as known, the social self The “Me” Self: Material self: sense of ownership -Material: sense of ownership (my car, house) Social self: our felt social relations -Social: our felt social relations Spiritual self: our feelings -Spiritual: our feelings Other Important Contributions to Self Theory: -The notion of many social selves -The notion of self-esteem -Differentiating ideal selves and real selves 2) Charles Cooley: -Self and Society 3) George Mead: Father of Sociology -Mind, Self and Society (1934) Gender - Gender has no situational context, therefore gender is not a role or set of traits, but rather
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