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Final

SOCI 310 Final Exam Review

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 310
Professor
Rima Wilkes
Semester
Fall

Description
SOCI 310 Study 11/30/2013 Exam Short Answer Essay 1) Canada – U.S 2) Canada & Indigenous  3) Immigration & Multiculturalism 4) Region & Poverty 5) Ethics 6) Drugs Canada – U.S.A 11/30/2013 Greatest Canadians I am Canadian Advertisement Differences I am Canadian ▯ Molson Advertisement Separating ourselves from the U.S.A. Trying to convince ourselves that we have our own identity Only way done so is by comparing us to America Always in comparison to them If it were an I am American advertisement, they would not have to reference Canada because they have  their own identity White male in his mid 20s Demographic does not fully reflect that of Canada Multicultural society  Cultural Mosaic Are Canadians different from Americans? Yes Canada – U.S.A 11/30/2013 We have medicare Michael Moore experiment: Walked into homes Canadians said hello U.S.A Reaction much different  Different culturally Canadians are more conservative compared to Americans Liberalism             Conservative Free market          State intervention ▯ Hierarchical  Individualism        Supports the monarchy                   Policies of neo­liberalism ▯           elimination of state intervention Values Canada ▯ “Peace, order, and good government” Need for strong central government Respect for authorirty Hierarchy America ▯ “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” Individual liberty Distrust of state Equal rights for all Canada – U.S.A 11/30/2013 Religion Canada ▯  Roman catholic and Anglican Hierarchical America ▯  Methodists, Baptist, Protestant Congregational (no hierarchy) Importance ▯ Believe that they can eliminate sin More likely to start war on terror Law and Deviance Canada ▯  More respect for law Appoointed legal officials  Cultural heroes: Mounties America ▯ More lawsuits / Lawyers per capita Elected legal officials Cultural heros: gunslinger, cowboys Economic Behavior and Culture Canada – U.S.A 11/30/2013 Canada ▯  More economically cautious and conservative Housing crisis ▯ predatory loans (U.S.) Welfare and Philanthropy Canada ▯  Welfare state, healthcare, etc. Government (Canada) vs. Charity (USA) State vs individual Social Stratification and Unions Canada ▯  More group orientated Canada▯ Culturally Conservative USA ▯ Culturally Liberal Very Similar Canada and U.S.A are the same Differences ▯  Quebec Old South Indigenous 11/30/2013 Indigenous 11/30/2013 4 Areas 1) Indian Residential Schools and TRC  2) Rights, Treaties, and Agreements 3) Resistance 4) Media Coverage Colonialism The process of acquiring full or partial political control over another nation, occupying it and instilling your  own dominant values, and culture. Importing political, educational, language systems.  Often a hostile takeover Conquest of territory and resources Culture = language, religion, clothing, etc. Instilling own politics and rights Form of cultural and human genocide 1)  Indian Residential Schools   Finally closed in 1996  Children taken against their will  RCMP hunted kids from homes on reserves Indigenous 11/30/2013 Many children killed Violence Famine Illness Schools did not follow sanitation laws Purposely starved children for experimental purposes Children were not allowed to speak their own language Punished if they did Example: Stuck a needle through their tongue Still mater because of massive repercussions 3 Definitions of “Indians” Status ▯ Person registered under the Indian Act. Sets requirements for determining who is a Status Indian Non­Status ▯ Person not meeting the requirements under the Indian Act Treaty ▯ Status Indian who belongs to a First Nation that signed a treaty with the Crown Metis ▯ Mixed first nation and European ancestry Inuit ▯ Aboriginal person living in Northern Canada, above the tree line 2) Rights, Treaties, and Agreements Indian Act 1876 Indigenous 11/30/2013 Government decided who is an “Indian” Regulates lives of Indians Funding for health, education and protection of reserve lands Problems with Indian Act 1) No vote ▯ otherwise become “non­indians” 2) Ban on Political Organizing 3) No Leaving reserves without permission from Indian Agents 4) Banned Cultural Practices  i. Sundance, Potlatch, etc.  Non­Indians under Indian Act Women marry a non­Indian Mother, grandmother not Indian Husband, father enfranchise = lost status Illegitimate children of Indian women▯ father non­indian Women who marry Native man who has no status Royal Proclamation Recognized Aboriginal Title 2) Aboriginals are original occupants of the land Indigenous 11/30/2013 3) Land belongs to Aboriginals unless ceded to the crown 4) Only crown can acquire lands (by treaty) 5) Policy never revoked First legal tie between the first nations and crown Recognized Sovereignty of first nations Treaty: binding legal documents signed between sovereign nations No treaties in Atlantic provinces, Vancouver 1800s under funded so they stopped making treaties in BC BC Treaty Commission Since 1992 Fixing treaties between indigenous nations Very slow process Few claims have been finalized Unfair system as the governing nation stole land from the First nations BC Treaty Referendum Bias questions Confusing wording Over simplifying complex issues Us vs Them questions Leading words Results: 36% response rate, majority deciding minority rights Legal decisions have not gone the way of Aboriginals as they must act under the colonizing system ▯ unfair   disadvantage for them Canadian government not honored treaties Land surrender vs Land sharing No treaties at all in certain areas Oral promises not honored (at time of treaty agreements) Immigration 11/30/2013 Immigration 11/30/2013 Selection of Immigrants Deception of immigrants Classes of Immigrants Chinese Immigrant Group State Racism ▯ Federal and Provinicial MacLean’s Too Asian  Citizenship Handout Simplified and Down played negative aspect The ‘in the past’ issues are NOT in the past Word choices downplay issues IRS ▯ doesn’t say what actually happened Pro Canadian Writer ▯ glorifying Canada Canada as an immigrant receiving country Increase in immigration over the last 50 years Pockets of increased immigration Classes of immigrants Immigration 11/30/2013 Family Class 21% in 2012 Spouses, partners, sons, daughters, parents Orientated around the Nuclear Family Cannot sponsor siblings or grandparents anymore Economic class ▯ Skilled worker 65% in 2012 Occupation, education, language Often a pre­arranged job Government selects certain occupations  Currently 29 to choose from Constantly changing depending on Canada’s economical needs Entrepreneur Program New worth $800k Give Canadian Immigration $400k Returned in 8 years without interest Doubled now ($1.6 mil, take $800k) Refuge Immigration
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