Work and Rationalization
What does rationalization look like?!
•Take a minute to think about what is a ‘rational’ system!
-rational and irrational way !
-eg. library and bus system.!
Major change in modern society: Rationalization!
•Prior to the Enlightenment (pre-1700)!
•An enchanted world (before the enlightenment)!
- Invested with magical powers and other worldly forces!
•Explanation for events?!
• “angry gods” or “provoked spirits” !
•Solutions to Gods, performing rituals to Gods!
Rationalization (Max Weber)!
•“Disenchantment of the world”!
-Enlightenment lead to the erosion of religious authority!
-Turn to new ideas of science, logic, reasoning, and evident to make decisions.!
The Rise of Rationalization!
•What is rationality?!
1. Predictability- repetition, reliability!
2. Calculability- Priority to counted or quantiﬁed!
3. Eﬃciency- best means to a given end!
4. Control- enhanced certainty of outcomes!
In particular rationality is a way of solving problems, a focus on the optimal means
toward an end.!