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SOCI 102- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 102
Professor
Catherine Corrigall- Brown
Study Guide
Final

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UBC
SOCI 102
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Thursday, November 2, 2017
Work and Rationalization
What does rationalization look like?!
Take a minute to think about what is a ‘rational’ system!
-rational and irrational way !
-eg. library and bus system.!
Major change in modern society: Rationalization!
Prior to the Enlightenment (pre-1700)!
An enchanted world (before the enlightenment)!
- Invested with magical powers and other worldly forces!
Explanation for events?!
“angry gods” or “provoked spirits” !
Solutions to Gods, performing rituals to Gods!
Rationalization (Max Weber)!
“Disenchantment of the world”!
-Enlightenment lead to the erosion of religious authority!
-Turn to new ideas of science, logic, reasoning, and evident to make decisions.!
The Rise of Rationalization!
What is rationality?!
1. Predictability- repetition, reliability!
2. Calculability- Priority to counted or quantified!
3. Eciency- best means to a given end!
4. Control- enhanced certainty of outcomes!
In particular rationality is a way of solving problems, a focus on the optimal means
toward an end.!
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Thursday, November 2, 2017
The long reach of rationalization…!
The process of rationalization changed many aspects of society!
-E.g. Economy now run with rationalized practices!
-E.g. Factories, assembly lines, standardized measures/times/currencies!
Rationalization permeates modern life!
The positives sides of rationalization?!
Potentially more ecient, predictable, controllable, and calculable way of getting
getting done!
The downside of rationalization?!
The process of disenchantment is also a process of disillusionment!
-As the world becomes less, enchanted, less magical it also becomes less
meaningful for people !
-Rationalization robs us of humanity!
Bureaucracy!
What does it mean to be a bureaucracy?!
Bureau— (French root)!
oce or desk!
Kratia— (Greek root)!
power/rule!
Bureaucracy—rule of the oce/desk!
- Word originates in 1789!
- Expanding organizational form through 20th century!
Bureaucracy are human machines!
What are examples of bureaucracies?!
-UBC!
-Immigration Canada!
-United Nations!
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