ESG126 Study Guide - Final Guide: Cultural Identity, Universal Transverse Mercator Coordinate System, Topological Map

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Published on 16 Oct 2016
Course
Professor
1874
Discipline of Geography introduced to Universities (Institutionalized)
2
Environmental determinism
Perspective that human actions are shaped/caused by physical environment.
3
Geography
Patterns and processes of the world
4
Human Geography
Distribution of people and their patterns and processes. Why they live there.
5
What is where?
Describing spatial patterns
6
Why There
Reason for that physical distribution
7
Why Care?
Importance of interpreting data and discerning its meaning.
8
Regions
Places that are united by specific characteristics. Homogeneous within
boundary and heterogeneous outside. EX: Climate zones, coastal regions,
rainfall, languages. Can be physical or human.
9
Regionalization
Simplifying patterns to classify locations. Spatial perspective changes
what defines a region: EX: Hamilton Factory Region might be a region
within Hamilton but would not likely classify on Provincial or National
scale.
10
Landscapes
Visible/definable features of a land area. (Cultural/Human or Physical)
11
Cultural Landscapes
Visible human effect on an environment. Outcome of human interactions
with their environment. Ex: Agriculture grid organization of rural ontario or
buildings/highways/bridges in Urban areas.
12
Globalization
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Regions of the world are becoming similar in many ways: Economic,
Politically and culturally.
13
Three techniques to analyze geographic data
Cartography, Computer assisted cartography and GIS
14
Cartography
Thinking of, Producing, Analyzing and studying maps
15
Choropleth map
Type of thematic map that uses shading to display data in a given area or
region. (Area defined separately)
16
Isopleth map
Map that defines its locations by equal data value. (Isolates based on
location). EX: Contour lines vs political boundaries.
17
Contours
Lines linking areas with equal elevation. Topographic.
18
GIS Functions
Store, Retrieve, Display, Analyze.
19
Dot map
Type of thematic map that displays data using dots. Ex: John SNOW cholera
map.
20
Vector: GIS
Breaks up data into points, lines and areas. Describes location of these
features.
21
Raster: GIS
Breaks up maps into cells and describes content of the cell.
22
Remote sensing
Recording data from another area. EX: Sattelite, aerial imaging.
23
Gerrymander
Changing electoral boundaries to benefit a specific political party.
24
Culture
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The way of life of members in a society. These analyze and change physical
environments (landscapes).
25
Language Family
Group of languages descending from a common parent/'proto-language'. Ex:
Indo-European, Sino-Tibetan.
26
City
Large and prominent settlement. Urban Place. Industrial vs Agricultural
(primary) activities.
27
Nation-state
Political unit. Territory with a single national group reflected in the cultural
landscape. (EX: Israel)
28
Place
A location with particular meaning. Has human significance. Ex: Home,
McMaster University
29
Urbanism
The urban way of life. Associated with anonymity due to size, density and
heterogeneity.
30
Cultural landscapes
The human impact on the physical environment. Results from the use and
modification of the environment. Ex: Grid layout of Ontario roads properties
due to original settlement plots.
31
Diffusion
Spread of a phenomenon (ex: people) over space across time.
32
Root cause of terrorism
A burning grievance/percieved injustice that leads to violent action. Ex: 9/11
in response to American dominance/imperialism
33
Human lives lost to war SINCE WW2
25 Million
34
% GDP range to military activity
0-10%
35
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