Review for International Relations Midterm

2 Pages
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Department
Political Studies
Course Code
POL 140
Professor
Dr.Heather Mc Keen- Edwards

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Description
Review for International Relations Balance of Power - From the Peace of Westphalia (1648) to the French Revolution (1789) was known as the “golden age of balance of power” because there were no major international wars. - It is an arrangement whereby governments temporarily agree to work together to thwart a perceived threat to international order emanating from another state. - Needs 4 conditions to work successfully: o Enough states to work together to thwart the designs of a country seemingly intent on systematic domination. o States with relatively equal power – so that no single country can realistically dominate international relations o Continuous but controlled competition for scarce resources. o Agreement that the status quo benefits all - It’s in addition an arrangement which has wider ramifications for how power is distributed in international relations - Wasn’t intended to prevent all international conflicts because it wasn’t an institutionalized, formal mechanism to ensure long term systematic stability and peace. - A Balance of Power exists when there is relative equilibrium between the leading countries in international relations. - Expresses a doctrine that was intended to prevent any one state from becoming sufficiently strong so as to enable it to enforce its will upon the rest. World Systems Theory - A variant of structuralism that conceptualizes world order as being structured into a (rich, developed) CORE and a (poor, underdeveloped) PERIPHERY and a number of intermediary or semi-peripheral states. - An idea associated with US sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein and suggest that different elements of the international economy cant’ be understood in isolation. - Semi-periphery -> intermediary societies which play an important role in the functioning of the world system as a whole. - Neo-Marxist Theory - Incorporates an analysis of those forces which work against the system as well as a dominant, class-based, structures. Sovereignty - States of legal autonomy enjoyed by states so that their g
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