SOC 101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Socioeconomic Status, Delayed Gratification, Deindustrialization
Course CodeSOC 101
ProfessorBarry Mc Clinchey
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An individual's relatively stable pattern of behaviours and feelings
Nature vs. Nurture
Debate between whether biological or environment define the person we
The lifelong process by which we lean our culture, develop our personalities
and become functioning members of society
The ways in which people interact in social settings, recognising each
person's subjective experiences and/or intentions
Uses evolutionary theory and genetic inheritance to examine the biological
roots of social behaviour
Relabelled form of sociobiology that argues that Darwinian inheritance can
explain contemporary human behaviour
One's identity, comprising a set of learned values and attitudes that
develops through social interaction and defines one's self image
An introspective composition of various features and attributes that people
see themselves as
Mead's term for the element of the self that is spontaneous, creative,
impulsive and often unpredictable
Mead's term for the socialised element of the self.
People we want to impress or gain approval from
A compilation of attributes associated with the average member of society;
represents an individual's appreciation that other members of society
behave within socially accepted rules and guidelines
Assuming the position of another to better understand that person's
Occurs when people learn the attitudes, values and appropriate behaviours
for individuals in their culture.
Follows primary socialisation and occurs through participation in more
specific groups with defined roles and expectations.
Freud's term to describe the ways in which individuals manage painful
Freud's term for an individual's biological drives and impulses that strive for
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Freud's term for all the norms, values and morals that are learned through
Freud's term for the intermediary between the id and the superego that
provides socially acceptable ways to achieve wants.
The assignment of beliefs to women and men, respectively, that are not
based on fact.
Social status as determined by family income, parents' education, parents'
occupation, and the family's social standing within the community
Social assets (values, beliefs, attitudes, competencies) that are gained from
one's family and help one to succeed in life.
Consist of people who are closely related in age and share similar interests
The unconscious, informal and unwritten norms and rules that reinforce and
maintain social conventions
Forms of communication produced by a few people for the consumption by
Socialisation that occurs throughout one's adult life
All of the people who are born during a given period of time and therefore
experience historical events at the same points in their lives
Empty nest syndrome
The depression that some parents feel when their children have left home
Scientific study of age and aging
The course that dying tales in both social and psychological senses
The profound change or complete transformation of a person's personality
as a result of being placed in a situation or an environment dedicated to
changing his or her previous identity
A setting in which people are isolated from society and supervised by an
Mortifications of the self
The first stage of the resocialisation process, in which a person's existing
identity is stripped away
A society's hierarchical ranking of people into social classes
A group of individuals sharing a position in a social hierarchy, based on birth
An individual’s position within the class structure
A system of rewards based on personal attributes and demonstrated
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