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Important Concepts for Final The final covers Chapter 16 and an essay portion. I have extensively summarized and defined all theories, concepts and terms from class lectures and textbook readings. The essay was the biggest scare for me! But I understoo

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SOC 101
Ed Janzen
Study Guide

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SOC 101 FINAL Review
Chapter 16: Social Change
- Transformation of culture and social institutions over time
- Social change happens all the time, cultural lag states that material cultures (technological) change faster
than non-material culture
- Social change is sometimes intentional but often unplanned; ie who would’ve known the impact of cars
on the environment, death causalities, etc
- Social change is controversial. Some social change are more important than others.
- Invention (making new things), discovery (notice of already existing things), diffusion (sharing and
spreading through culture)
- Tension and conflict produces change
- Strong ideas such as religion or racism can cause change
Social Movement
- Organized activity that encourage or discourage social change
- Alterative: least threatening to status quo, target individuals, works to alter people’s lives
- Redemptive: targets individuals, help people redeem their lives, more radical change
- Reformative: aim for limited change but to everyone, example: environmental change
- Revolutionary: strive for major transformation on entire society
Explaining Social Movements
- Deprivation: people who are deprived band together
- Mass-society: social movements attract socially isolated people who seek sense of identity and purpose
through membership, they have agendas
- Resource mobilization: recognize that resources are needed for success
- Culture: social movements depend on resources and cultural symbols
- New social movement: on national and international scope, focus of quality of life not economic
(environment, world peace, animal rights, etc)
- Process of social change begun by industrialization
- Decline of small, traditional communities; expansion of choice; increasing social diversity; orientation
toward future and growing awareness of time
- Gesellschaft: Industrial revolution weakened families and tradition rootless, impersonal
- Gemeinschaft: people are essentially united in spite of all factors
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