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homicide final.doc

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University of Guelph - Humber

1: Davies ch4: patterns and trends - 16 137 people were killed in 2004, decrease of 2.4% since 2003 (2005 saw an 4.8% increase) - Rate fell from 5.7 per 100k in 2003 to 5.5 per 100k in 2004 - Rate fell by 65.3% between 1991 and 2004 Homicide rate- H/(P/100k), H-# of homicides, p- pop of that area - 43.9% of homicides involved arguments 9most common) - 22.8% of homicides occurred alongside other felonies - 16% of homicides involved drugs - 55.9 victim offender relationships known to police - 23% killed by acquaintances (most likely offender) (9% killed by intimate partners, 8% killed by blood family members, 3% killed by someone the victim knew) - Murder most likely to occur between people with relationship - % of homicides where victim offender relationship is unkown has increased since 60’s - Unkown cases most likely among white in the 70s but more likely among blacks in 90s - 70s involved knifing while 90s involved guns Homicide is mainly a male activity (78% of offenders are male and when sex is known of the offender it is 90%) - 89% who kille male and 90% who kill females are males (9/10 who kill are men) - Peak age is 20-24 (57.6 of murders involve 17-29 year olds) - Females don’t have peak age, anywhere from 20-54 years old Whites outnumber blacks when victim/offender is known - 48.6 for whites while 47.5 for blacks - But rate of victimization is 6X times higher in black - Rate of homicide offenders is 7X higher in blacks Years of potential life lost is how many years is lost when killed assuming lving up to 70 - 18.5% of years lost is due to unintentional, only 5% is homicide - White F= 2.2%, White M= 3.6%, Black F= 4.3%, Hispanic F= 4.25, Hispanic M= 108%, Black M= 15.4% - Firearms account for 60% of homicides (handguns most popular) - MSA have 5.9/100k, non metro have 3.6/100k, cities out of msa have 35/100k Homicides more common in south - Norway has lowest homicide at .95 per 100k, SA at 55.86, US at 5.56, CAN at at 1.77 - 42 of offenders have alchochol problems, 40 is drugs, 17 have mental issues 2: Davies ch 6: social and cultural reasons Cesare Beccaria- father of classical perspective on crime - Argued people are rational and hedonistic, have free will, - Individuals weight costs and benefits before performing actions, even crime Rational choice theory - People are rational and consider risks, laws have deterrent effect - Punishment>awards= don’t do it, Punishments
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