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Exam Review - Concepts and Definitions

6 Pages

Course Code
BUSI 1010U
William Thurber

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Multiple ChoiceArgument by Analogyclaims that if two things are similar in one or more ways they are probably alike in other respects as wellIt is a type of inductive argumentArgument by Eliminationrules our different possibilities until only one possibility remainsIt is a type of deductive argumentDeductive Argumentsalso known as a syllogismAn argument where the premises of the argument guarantees the conclusionA deductive argument is valid if the form of the argument is such that the conclusion must be true if the premises are trueA deductive argument is sound if it is valid and the premises are trueInductive Argumentsthe premises provide support but not necessarily proof for the conclusionInductive arguments are merely stronger or weaker rather than true or falseFallacy of Relevancewhen one or more of the premises is logically irrelevant or unrelated to the conclusionIncludes Personal Attack Ad Hominem Fallacy Appeal to Force Scare Tactics Appeal to Pity Popular Appeal Appeal to Ignorance Hasty Generalization Straw Man and Red HerringFallacy of Equivocationa fallacy of ambiguity that occurs when a key term in an argument is ambiguousthat is when it has more than one meaningand the meaning of the term changes during the course of the argumentLoaded Questionassumes a particular answer to another unasked questionThis fallacy is sometimes used in a court of law when a lawyer demands a yes or no answerEx Have you stopped beating your girlfriendNaturalistic Fallacybased on the unwarranted assumption that what is natural is good or morally acceptable and that what is unnatural is bad or morally unacceptableEuphemismthe replacement of a negative term with a neutral or positive one to cover up or sugar coat the truthDysphemismare used to produce a negative effect they are the opposite of a euphemismLexical Definitionthe commonly used dictionary definition or denotative meaning of a termThis type of definition is either correct or incorrectThe purposes of lexical definitions are to increase our vocabulary and reduce ambiguityPropositiona statement that expresses a complete thoughtIt can be either true or falseIf you dont know whether a statement is a proposition try putting the phrase it is true that or it is false that at the beginning of the statement
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