P OLITICAL S CIENCE – L ECTURE 4 –
W HO DO WE ELECT ?
- Not everyone is elected, some people are appointed
- The constitution gives us a guideline of how to elect people and how to remove them if we dislike them
- Constitution: A set of rules that governs a country. Can be written, unwritten, or a mixture of both.
- The courts determine what is constitutional and what isn’t
- The government has overall power over the law
- The municipal government is a creature of the provincial government
- Tends to be overlooked by the government, but they control the daily routines
- Unitary governments are nonfederal; can devolve power to smaller governments
- There are many reasons for adopting a federal government, such as having a large country, defense against enemies,
- In a unitary government, it is easier to stir the fires of nationalism
- A real democratic election gives you the chance to replace one set of people with another set of people
- Elections compel us to pay attention to public issues, remind us that we need to pay attention to public issues
- When we vote for a government with more than 40% of our vote, that government is considered more legitimate and is
thus more powerful
- Minority governments are always inherently unstable
- What distinguishes a democracy from a nondemocracy is a competitive election
- Most people tend to identify with one party; however, they will vote depending on circumstance
- Political scientists try to determine why people vote and look to influence them
- Voter turnout has been decreasing since the eighties
- Media tends to focus its government observation on tweets, facebook posts, etc. instead of on hard documents
- Elections are very expensive - Canada has a “first past the post” system
- Proportional representation is a system where the percentage of your votes are the percentage of the power
- Newer election campaigns have taken to using all forms of media, including the internet, television, etc.
- In Canada, we more willingly punish than reward
- Sometimes after elections, the voting boundaries change
- In Canada, we tend to vote for centre parties, not a strong connection to either side
- American elections are set in the Constitution every four years
M IDTERM R EVIEW
- Student ID required
- No talking!
- Be able to define important terms and concepts
- Be acquainted with the core characteristics of many things
- Three portions of the exam: multiple choice, fill in the blanks, and Essay topics
- There are questions in the Powerpoint that will be on the midterm; review them
1. Political groups form with the intention of forming power and getting government are called parties
2. The political agenda consists of the issues that are considered important
3. Governments that enjoy legitimacy
4. At the heart of all disputes between aboriginals and the governments is the need to settle aboriginal land claims.
5. The view that humans seek to maximize pleasure and minimize pain and that the government should achieve greatest
happiness for the greatest number of people is called totalitarianism.
6. The common good is achieved through their own economic self – Adam Smith
8. The LaissezFaire system allows people to do what they want.
9. In the legislature, the person responsible for maintaining discipline and making sure everyone is doing what they are
supposed to is called the party whip. 10. The Ecological Footprint is the way of measurin