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SSCI 1200U Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Industrial Revolution, Mercantilism, International Monetary Fund

Course Code
SSCI 1200U
Timothy Macneill
Study Guide

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Social Policy Midterm Review 02.22.16
Midterm Review
Lecture One: What Is Policy?
Mainstream definitions (Armitage; LSE)
1. “Social policy is a broad term encompassing not only social welfare but other activities of
government affecting social life. Marriage and divorce legislation and support to culture and the arts
are examples of social policy that lie beyond the field of social welfare. The term is also linked with
‘economic policy’. In this sense, it usually contrasts a concern for people with a concern for
economic issues and growth.” (Armitage, 1988, p. 266).
a. This textbook thinks government is the only party involved, which is wrong.
2. “Social Policy is focused on those aspects of the economy, society and polity that are necessary to
human existence and the means by which they can be provided. These basic human needs include:
food and shelter, a sustainable and safe environment, the promotion of health and treatment of the
sick, the care and support of those unable to live a fully independent life; and the education and
training of individuals to a level that enables them fully to participate in their society” (LSE Website)
a. This is the better definition because it leads us to believe that social policy effects everything
Four Key assumptions of mainstream social policy
1. The government has responsibility to meet the needs of the less fortunate members of society.
2. The state has a right to intervene in areas of individual freedom and economic liberty.
3. Governmental and/or public intervention is necessary when existing social institutions fail to
fulfill their obligations.
4. Public policies create social impacts, the consequences of which become the moral obligation of
government to act upon
Multiple debates
When should the government intervene in these issues?
-Social Welfare
-Poverty Alleviation
-Child Welfare
-Human Rights
-Cultural preservation
-Economic Development
-Humanitarian Assistance
Business doing social policy
oOne of the purposes of advertising is to change the feelings, wants, and opinions of

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Social Policy Midterm Review 02.22.16
oCorporate Social Responsibility and charity programs
Civil society doing social policy
Social Movements
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
o“Amnesty International is a global movement of over 3 million people committed to
defending those who are denied justice or freedom”
o“The Salvation Army is an international Christian organization that began its work in
Canada in 1882 and has grown to become the largest non-governmental direct provider of
social services in the country. The Salvation Army gives hope and support to vulnerable
people today and every day in 400 communities across Canada and more than 120
countries around the world.
Community Organizations
All policy is social
omainstream social policy is only a circumscribed field (usually welfare, health,
oThe economy, however, is a socially constructed field in which people interact socially
oDefense policy is predicated on social categories and social fears, and has serious social
All policy has taken place in and between social institutions (market, government, health care,
All policy must be understood in relation to the social interactions of people
All policy has social causes and consequences
New Definition of Social Policy
A plan of action implemented by government, business, or civil society for the purpose of influencing the
structure of society, the distribution of resources in society, or the working of social institutions such as
government, family, culture, health care, education, or markets.
Lecture 2: Liberalism
When did it begin?
Began for a short period around 500BC
Emerged again in the middle ages (500-1500 AD)
Became fully formed in the mid 1800s
Why was Rome important?
Second influence on this idea of liberalism was the roman empire.
It imported some ideas, the roman empire conquered almost all of Europe.
The roman empire was the Christian Empire. It spread Christianity to all of these places.
Feudal system (describe)
Emerged after the fall of the Roman Empire especially in Western Europe

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Social Policy Midterm Review 02.22.16
Based on lineage
Justified by religion (Christianity)
“God put me here” God chose the ruler.
Tensions in Feudalism
Four tensions emerged that threatened the ability of the social regime
Black Plague
okilled 50% of population 14th C
oChurch nor King seemed to be able to do much
oEveryone was looking to the King and to the Church for answers
Perpetual War
oEspecially between Spain, France, England
oThe king would take men and their sons and march them off to war to be killed.
Poverty / Inequality
oPerpetually increasing economic inequality
oPeasants Revolt (1381)
oThe peasants were becoming poorer due to paying a lot of money for the wars occurring.
oThe peasants revolted and a lot of them got slaughtered
-Rise of the merchant class
oArose as a result of colonialism (1492-mid 20th C)
oBecame wealthy by trading with India, the Americas, Asia
oWere heavily taxed
oCaused the end of the Feudal System.
oThe rise did a lot to challenge the ideology of Christianity – and when you challenge the
ideology it weakens the political and economic
oEurope conquered the world
Revolutions (dates and causes)
England (17th Century)
Religion was a major cause
American Revolution (1775-1783)
French Revolution (1789-1792)
Dissatisfaction with the monarchy and old debt
Liberalism thinkers
John Locke (England)
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