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SOCI 1000U Final: SOCI 1000 Families Love and Relationships.docx

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SOCI 1000U
Timothy Macneill

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Families Love and Relationships • There is no one ‘natural’ family form o Family structure is shaped by cultural, economic, political structures, and global processes throughout history. o Families influence social structure, and social structure influences the family. o “Nuclear family” very recent, uncommon in history. o Society creates us as people and individuals have some say in society, but not really o The type of family you have is determined by society • Marriage Patterns o Monogamy o Serial Monogamy o Polygamy  Polygyny: More than one wife  Polyandry: more than one Husband (India – Toda)  Group Marriage: ‘it’s a party I guess’ • Patterns of Authority o Patriarchy: ‘Rule of the father’  Reinforced through institutions such as law, school, government and culture  5000 years old o Matrilineal: Passed on by mother (last name and wealth) o Patrilineal: Passed on by father • Nuclear Family o Western-European in origin o Marriage by choice and based on romantic love o Man and woman with strict gender roles o Children are socialized and cared for by only this man and woman (not neighbours, extended family, government etc.) o The house is the private domain of this family  Other members of community or even extended family are just visitors and are not involved in childcare, cleaning, family business. o Natural?  Structural functionalists use biological determinist arguments to say “yes”  Conflict theorists and social constructivists say “no” • Families in History o Extremely diverse o No singular (biologically-determined) form o Tied to, but not completely determined by economic and political systems o Constantly changing o Examples  Hunting and Gathering Families • The norm in human history (99% of history) • 5-30 people • Line between family and community blurred • Private / public not clear • Social/economic/political networks based on kinship  Inca Empire  Machu Pichu (Inca) • 1500s much more developed than Europe • Complex caste and state bureaucracy system • Large cities • Agriculture • Ayllu: family = community  Paris Ontario • 1880-1950 – height of industrial capitalist economy • Industrial • Men / women shared productive / reproductive work in home and factory. • Men and women pooled income • Women cared for children collectively – community • But: very uncommon for industrial towns • Industrialization/ Capitalism o Changed the family structure o Europe before industrialization: Feudal with communal families, little private property. o 1500-1920s: colonialism o Colonialism made capitalism and industrialization possible in Europe (especially Britain) o “Primitive accumulation” o Industrial capitalist system goes hand in hand with nuclear family o Merchants: traded materials and amassed wealth during the colonial period o By 1800s, especially in Britain, massive wealth had been amassed. o Combined with “enclosure” and urbanization o Combined with technological innovations inspired by colonial conflict (especially steam) o = Industrial revolution • Social, Cultural, political, economic, revolution o French Revolution (1789-1799) o American Revolution (1776) o Established capitalism, private property, and SOME democracy o Who led these? Merchants/capitalists o Who benefitted most? Merchants/capitalists • Capitalisim o An economic system in which property is held privately and exchanged through markets for the purpose of making profits (mercantalism or Merchant Capitalism). o Production and exchange of products. (Industrial Capitalism) o Clear distinction between capitalists and labour o Capitalists: Those who own capital ($$, investments, factories). (bourgeoisie) o L
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