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SOCI 1000U Study Guide - Final Guide: Primitive Accumulation Of Capital, Proletariat, Heteronormativity


School
UOIT
Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 1000U
Professor
Timothy Macneill
Study Guide
Final

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Families Love and Relationships
There is no one ‘natural’ family form
oFamily structure is shaped by cultural, economic, political structures, and
global processes throughout history.
oFamilies influence social structure, and social structure influences the
family.
o“Nuclear family” very recent, uncommon in history.
oSociety creates us as people and individuals have some say in society,
but not really
oThe type of family you have is determined by society
Marriage Patterns
oMonogamy
oSerial Monogamy
oPolygamy
Polygyny: More than one wife
Polyandry: more than one Husband (India – Toda)
Group Marriage: ‘it’s a party I guess’
Patterns of Authority
oPatriarchy: ‘Rule of the father
Reinforced through institutions such as law, school, government
and culture
5000 years old
oMatrilineal: Passed on by mother (last name and wealth)
oPatrilineal: Passed on by father
Nuclear Family
oWestern-European in origin
oMarriage by choice and based on romantic love
oMan and woman with strict gender roles
oChildren are socialized and cared for by only this man and woman (not
neighbours, extended family, government etc.)
oThe house is the private domain of this family
Other members of community or even extended family are just
visitors and are not involved in childcare, cleaning, family business.
oNatural?
Structural functionalists use biological determinist arguments to say
“yes”
Conflict theorists and social constructivists say “no”

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Families in History
oExtremely diverse
oNo singular (biologically-determined) form
oTied to, but not completely determined by economic and political systems
oConstantly changing
oExamples
Hunting and Gathering Families
The norm in human history (99% of history)
5-30 people
Line between family and community blurred
Private / public not clear
Social/economic/political networks based on kinship
Inca Empire
Machu Pichu (Inca)
1500s much more developed than Europe
Complex caste and state bureaucracy system
Large cities
Agriculture
Ayllu: family = community
Paris Ontario
1880-1950 – height of industrial capitalist economy
Industrial
Men / women shared productive / reproductive work in home
and factory.
Men and women pooled income
Women cared for children collectively – community
But: very uncommon for industrial towns
Industrialization/ Capitalism
oChanged the family structure
oEurope before industrialization: Feudal with communal families, little
private property.
o1500-1920s: colonialism
oColonialism made capitalism and industrialization possible in Europe
(especially Britain)
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