ADM 1100 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Flexible Manufacturing System, Operations Management, Continuous Production

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14 Aug 2016
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Lecture 12 – Production Process 18:17
Production and Operations Management
Production: the use of resources, such as workers and machinery, to convert
materials into finished goods and services
Production and operations management: the process of overseeing the
production process by managing the people and machinery that convert
materials and resources into finished goods and services
1) inputs
resources
raw materials
2) conversion process
add value
3) outputs
goods
services
The Strategic Importance of Production
Effective production and operations management can:
Lower a firm’s costs of production
Boost the quality of its goods and services
Allow it to respond dependably to customer demands
Enable it to renew itself by providing new products
Types of Production
Mass production: a system for manufacturing products in large quantities by
using effective combinations of employees with specialized skills,
mechanization and standardization
Flexible production is more cost-effective for producing smaller runs
Uses information technology, programmable equipment, and skilled people
Customer-driven production assesses customer demands in order to make
the connection between products manufactured and products bought
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Production Processes
Analytic production system
Reduces a raw material to its component parts in order to extract one or
more marketable products
Synthetic production system
The reverse of an analytic system; combines a number of raw materials or
parts or transforms raw materials to produce finished products
Continuous production process
Generates finished products over a long period of time
Intermittent production process
Generates products in short production runs, shutting down machines
frequently or changing their configurations to produce different products
Technology and the Production Process
A robot is a reprogrammable machine capable of performing a variety of
tasks that require the repeated manipulation of materials and tools
Computer-aided design (CAD): process used by engineers to design parts
and entire products on the computer
Engineers who use CAD can work faster and with fewer mistakes than those
who use traditional drafting systems
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM): a computer tool that a manufacturer
uses to analyze CAD output and the steps that a machine must take to
produce a needed product or part
Flexible manufacturing system (FMS): a production facility that workers can
quickly change to manufacture different products
Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM): an integrated production system
that uses computers to help workers design products, control machines,
handle materials, and control the production function
The Job of a Production Manager
Supervise the work of people and machinery to convert inputs (materials
and resources) into finished goods and services
Production management tasks
1) planning the production process
2) selecting the most appropriate layout
3) carrying out the production plan
4) controlling the production process
where does this occur?
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