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University of Ottawa
David Delcorde

Corporate Social Responsibility: The way a corporation • Non-Regulatory forms of government influence on business: achieves a balance among it economic, social, and 1. government ownership environmental responsibilities in its operations so as to • Crown corporations typically provide a service or product address shareholder and other stakeholder expectations. that the private sector would be unwilling or unable to • Social Responsibility Theories provide 1. Amoral view: Traditional view of business as merely 2. government subsidies • Either the direct transfer of cash to a recipient or the indirect profit-making entity transfer of benefits 2. Personal view: Corporations are like people and can therefore be held accountable for their actions • Either increase the supply of a product or the demand for the product or service – the resulting market prices affect 3. Social view: Corporations are social institutions with competition social responsibilities 3. tax policy • Encourage investment in some activities, but not others Lobbying: An activity, directed at decision makers, carried • Deductibility of business operating expenses out on behalf of special interests to influence public policy • Capital cost allowance policy outcomes.(A communication with public officials to influence their decisions in a manner harmonious with the interests of • Tax credit policy the individual or group communicating) 4. government procurement • Government is a major purchaser of goods of services Government’s Influence on Business Regulation – the • $13 billion annually imposition of constraints, backed by the authority of • Changes in procurement policy can significantly affect government, that are intended to modify economic behaviour business in the private sector significantly 5. international trade – Protect and advance the public interest • Negotiation of international tariff laws – Promote a fair and competitive market economy • Non-tariff barrier elimination – Make decisions based on hard evidence and the • Strong proponent for Canadian business abroad best available knowledge Spectrum of Government Influence:1. Government Ownership 2. – Create regulation that is accessible, understandable Government Regulation 3. Taxation and Subsidies 4. Procurement and contracting 5. Voluntary Action/ Self-imposed standards 6. and responsive Self-regulation – Advance the efficiency and effectiveness of regulation Government’s influence on civil society: Direct Funding, Tax policy, Contracts, Knowledge transfer, Alternative service delivery – Require timeliness, policy coherence, and minimal mechanisms duplication • Cluster The
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