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Chapter 12.docx

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Department
Administration
Course
ADM1340
Professor
Marc Tasse
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 12­ The Design Of the Tax System  ­Gain an overview of how Canadian Gov't raises and spends money. ­Examine efficiency costs of taxes. ­Learn alternative ways to judge the equity of a tax system.  ­See why studying tax incidence is crucial for evaluating tax equity ­Consider tradeoff between efficiency and equity in the deisgn of a tax system.  Financial Overview of Canadian Governments  ­economy's income has grown and governments have grown even more.  ­Canada has federalist structure= political power is divided between federal provincial and territorial gov't  with more power going to federal gov't.  ­BNA sets out responsibilities of the fed and prov and territorial gov'ts.  ­fed: national interest.  Pension Plan (Canada's national social programs)  ­provinces & territories: health care, education, welfare, natural resources, civil law, natural resources.  Local gov't: cities, towns, and municipalities are creatures of provinces.  Federalist Canadian government: Role of transfers from federal to provinces and territories. Federal  system influences provincial and territorial programs thru "power of the purse"  Transfer systems: CST (education, social services and Canada health transfer.  Equalization payments: federal gov't provides services to provinces who do not have services other  provinces have. Provinces who do not have equalization payments: Alberta, Ontario, BC. The Federal Government Colle
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