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ADM 1370 PPT Notes.docx

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University of Ottawa
Craig Kuziemsky

What is an Information SystemPurpose To provide accurate timely and useful informationEach element must be present and all of the elements must work togetherAn Information System consists of FIVE PARTS including People ProceduresSoftwareHardware and DataInformation system ISIT plus procedures and people that produceutilize informationIThardwaresoftwaredataProductsMethodsInventionsStandards HighLevel Overview of Information SystemsAvoid a common mistakeDo not try to buy an IS you cannot do it That is because you cannot buy people or processes However you can buy IT Buy or lease hardware license programs and databases even obtain predesigned procedures Ultimately people execute those procedures to employ that new ITAny new system requires training tasks overcoming employees resistance to change and managing employees as they utilize new systemInformation Systems Elements DataInformationInformation system Set of interrelated components Collect process store and distribute informationSupport decisionmaking coordination and controlData versus InformationData are streams of raw factsInformation is data shaped into meaningful formExample Raw data from a supermarket checkout counter can be processed and organized to produce meaningful information such as the total unit sales of dish detergent or the total sales revenue from dish detergent for a specific store or sales territoryInformation Systems Elements DataInformation A Systems Perspective of IS Three core activities of information systemsInput Captures raw data from organization or external environmentProcessing Converts raw data into meaningful formOutput Transfers processed information to people or activities that use itAdvanced information systems also incorporate one additional functionalityFeedbackOutput returned to appropriate members of organization to help evaluate or correct input stageIt is important to remember that these functionalities are not limited to technologiesCan you think of these activities in a management context Once MoreInformation Systems TechnologyTechnology Information Systems Using information systems effectively requires an understanding of the organization management and information technology shaping the systems An information system creates value for the firm as an organizational and management solution to challenges posed by the environment Why Study Information SystemsBenefits of an IS education for a management studentIn todays workplace it is imperative that IS work effectively and reliably IS managers DO NOT only work with the IT deptIS will be part of your job in other business functions such as Marketing Operations HR Finance Accounting etc
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