Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
UOttawa (10,000)
APA (100)
Study Guide

[APA1122] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (18 pages long!)


Department
Human Kinetics
Course Code
APA 1122
Professor
Audrey Giles
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 18 pages of the document.
uOttawa
APA1122
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

APA 1122 A LECTURE NOTES (WEEK 1)
Global Health Intro & Terminology
WHY STUDY GLOBAL HEALTH?
Understand the progress that has already been made.
Understand the challenges that still remain.
Understand that diseases are not limited by national boundaries.
Know that there are big health differences among groups.
Connect the link between health and development.
WHAT IS HEALTH?
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or
infirmity.
When one is both physially, etally ad soially stale, it does ot refer to eig ot i pai or
not having a disease.
WHAT IS PUBLIC HEALTH?
The science and art of preventing disease; Prolonging life; and promoting physical health and mental
health and efficiency through organized community efforts toward a sanitary environment, control of
community infections, education and hygiene, and the development of social machinery to ensure
capacity in the community to maintain health. Ex: promoting hand washing or helmet use, screening for
health proles i a outr, feedig progras for the poorl ourished.
Preventing disease.
Helping people live longer.
Having a sanitary environment for all, where there is promotion of mental and physical health,
education and hygiene, no infections, and everyone in the community knows how to keep it this
way.
NOTE: Here they fous o helpig a etire outry’s populatio.
WHAT IS GLOBAL HEALTH?
An area for study, research, and practice that places a priority on improving health and achieving equity
in health for all people worldwide; health emphasizes transnational health issues, determinants, and
solutions, involves many disciplines within and beyond the health sciences, and promotes
interdisciplinary collaboration; and is a synthesis of population based prevention with individual-level
clinical care. Ex: low birth weight on a global scale, violence against women across the world, HIV/AIDS,
heart disease increases internationally.
In other words, it is public health but on an international scale that also includes research. On this
global basis, countries must work together and cooperate in order to help.
WHO DOE“ FIR“T WORLD NATION REFER TO?
Industrialized, capitalist (filled with wealthy businesses), countries that fall within Western European
and US sphere of influence.
They have market economies, and are considered Developed Countries.
Ex: Canada, Japan, Australia
Parts of First World can have non-First World conditions, E: Caada’s orth, slus i the U“
WHAT DOE“ “ECOND WORLD REFER TO?
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Countries within the former Soviet Uio’s sphere of ifluee. Ex: Cuba, Poland.
They have planned economies
term has’t ee used sie the ed of the Cold War
WHAT DOE“ THIRD WORLD REFER TO?
Low United Nation development index, so parts of Africa (Egypt), Latin America, and Asia.
These places have developing economies.
WHAT I“ THE FORTH WORLD?
Essentially the poorest of the poor, meaning the poorest of the third world nations.
They do’t have ay idustrial ifrastruture.
WHAT DOE“ TWO-THIRD“ WORLD MEAN?
It means that the majority of countries in the world are the Third World countries.
WHAT IS THE SOUTH?
A synonym for the last three terms.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DEVELOPED & DEVELOPING COUNTRIE“?
Developed = relatively high income per capita.
Developing = relatively low income per capita.
Their income is measured on an international scale (relative to what everyone is making world wide,
per year, individually:
o Low income = $995 or less
o Lower middle income = $996 to $3945
o Upper middle income = $3946 to $12 165
o High income= $12 196 or above.
Notice that what is considered POOR in Canada (12k annually) is considered RICH relative to people
in the rest of the world.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version