BIO 1130 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Carl Linnaeus, Natural Science, Histology

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9 Feb 2016
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Pre darwinian
Greek and Roman ages:
First to travel: Rome to northern Africa to England. Huge commerce zone, zone
identied with minerals, plant and animals. Cataloguing happened, wasn’t the
same from where they came so they catalogued it. Only to Europe and Africa
(not Ireland). Knowledge was catalogued and written down and numbered.
Aristotle: Created the very rst tried to order the complexity of the living world.
He gured out the organisation of the living organisms. He put the humans on
top and inanimate matter on the bottom. Ranked the organisms based on their
importance and what made them better or more superior that the others.
Scala natura
Hippocrates: him and other individuals; assembled together ever single practice
to human biology in that time period. Gathered all the medical cures and
procedures and put them all in one location with more than one author.
Gathered the entire roman knowledge of medicine
Theophratus:
Ancient father of taxonomy
Worked exclusively in botany.
He catalogued the healing properties, edible properties, and bres of plants.
Famous for medicinal plants.
Made 10 books
Taxonomy of plants and their uses
450 BCE - German Goths invaded and ended the roman and greek ages. Rome
could not defend their perimeters. Goths destroyed the city end of commerce,
knowledge sharing and cataloguing. Go back to self supporting.
Medieval Ages:
Commerce has now come back,
Renaissance and scientic revolution:
Van leeuwenhoek-
Made the rst microscope
and he wouldn’t tell anyone how to make them
when he died the ability ti make them left with him.
Nobody else knew how to make them
Vasalius
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