BIO 1140 Study Guide - Final Guide: Carboxylic Acid, Surface Tension, Phospholipid

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Name thee diferent organelles and roles/funcions of each. Explain the theory of endosymbiosis and provide evidence to support the theory. Specialized membrane-bound compartment that contains the cell"s genome. Creates a specialized and isolated region for various geneic processes (i. e. dna replicaion, transcripion, translaion) Has nuclear pore complexes that allow the exchange of material between the nucleus and. Packages, chemically modiies, and sorts proteins synthesized and transported from the rer or the cytosol. Tags proteins with postal codes and sends them to their inal desinaions in the cell. Consists of latened, individual membranous sacs clustered together called cisternae. Has a cis face (vesicles enter) and trans face (vesicles leave) Involved in detoxiicaion of potenially harmful metabolic by-products. Subunits bind to mrna sequences and sich amino acids together (based on sequence) Maintains cell shape, allows cell/organelle moility, maintains internal organelles, reinforces plasma membrane. Engulfs substances and digesive enzymes within digest the substance. Separates cell"s internal environment from the external environment.

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