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Animal Form and Function Key Terms Atelocerata.docx

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University of Ottawa

AnimalFormandFunctionKeyTermsAtelocerataThedominantterrestrialinvertebrateOAbdomen In organisms that have undergone tagmosis the trunk often develops into two tagma one involved in locomotion and one that is not locomotory The tagma not involved in locomotion is referred to as the abdomenAccessory glands In the males the accessory glands makes the casing to store the spermAlinotum The notum is divided into the anterior alinotum and the posterior postnotum The alinotum is connected to the membranous part of the pleura that lies below and this allows the alinotum to move up and down relative to the box below SYsApodeme Rigidlike ingrowth of the exoskeleton of an arthropod that supports internal organs and provides attachment points for musclesAsynchronous flight Click mechanism System that harnesses mechanical energy This is what is called the click mechanism To be able to get the wing back up there needs to be a new way to get the nottum back up The cuticular box has muscles that run from anterior to posterior When the box is squeezed the nottum will pop back up and change its position Complete metamorphosis Found in insects where the life cycle includes larval pupal and adult stages Condyle A projection on the posterior border of an insect head which articulates with the lateral neck plates Direct flight The most primitive insects flew with direct flight In direct flight what you have is a wing articulating on the side of the thoracic box Only way to raise the wings is there is a set of muscles attached to the wings Dorsal ventral indirect muscle Involved in the indirect flight mechanism Drone Drones are the male honey bees They develop from eggs that have not been fertilized and they cannot sting since the worker bees stinger is a modified ovipositor Frons Is a term used to describe the frontal area of an insects head Gena The sides of the head are known as the gena Head The insects head is often referred to as the headcapsule and is the insects feeding and sensory center It supports the antenna eyes and jaws of the insects Noteinsects do not breath through their mouth
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