Study Guides (238,237)
Canada (115,036)
Biology (1,227)
BIO3102 (98)
All (96)

Midterm 1 keywords.docx

16 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Ottawa

Major events in the history of Biology PreDarwinian biologyAges of sand Douglas Adams gives us athought provoking way to look at period16th18th century of scientific innovation based on his four ages of sand silicaglass1 Teloscope for observations far out into space 2 Microscope in the mid1670s allows us to observe the detail of the cell 3 Silica based computer chip of the 1960s for computational strengths allowing the analysis of data and asking questions that were previously impossible to answermathematical models of biological systems ecosystem structures even unraveling the history of organisms4 Fiber optic cables allowing the transmission of huge amounts of data and information instantly around the world Allows social and p2p networking for scientists to work together on a global scaleAlDinawari Muslim polymath who catalogued plants by taking the works of Teophrastus and building further into complex descriptions of the life cycle of plants role of seed as an embryo and differentiation of plants and then creates book of plants Medieval ages Alhazen Muslim polymath who worked in optics and lights and put together a set of instructions of how to observe the world and understand it put together the scientific method Medieval agesAlJahiz Muslim theologian who proposed the struggle for existence the food chain and evolution in his book of animals where he explains the principle of evolution He was a key component to the Golden age of Islam biological science took offwhile the concept of evolution is breedingAristotle Greek philosopher in the field of zoology who contributed to biology by organizing the living world in his ladder like scala naturae from complex to simplest the gods of the spiritual realm were at the top of the great chain of being with humans just underneath them then animals plants and minerals at the very bottom He believed that both inanimate objects and living species had fixed characteristics Artificial Taxonomy Gives us descriptions to identify different organisms by easily observed features Aristotle and Theophrastus were the first to use artificial taxonomies to organize the living world they simply put things together through observed features INTO A LIST which grew and grew over the years before Linnaeus reduced it using mechanical taxonomy based on physical characteristics Avicenna Muslim scholar who advanced the natural sciences in the Muslim world during the Medieval ages by adding the medical practises of India and the arabic world to the hippocratic corpus His philosophical system was the major influence on the development of scholasticism Binomen That 2 part name of the binomial nomenclature species and genus Nested hierarchylevels within levels Allowed ability to make predictions based on placement Before the binomen all species had very long namesBinomial nomenclature Linnaeus a system of nomenclature in which each species of animal or plant receives a name of two terms of which the first identifies the genus to which it belongs and the second the species itself The genus is italicized and the first letter is capitalized and the species is also italicized but there is no capitalization Eg Homo sapienChronological prediction the nonscientific meaning of predictionpredictions involving horoscopes and the foretelling of future events Classification an arrangement of organisms plants and animals into hierarchical groups that reflect their observed similarities Clade a group of organisms believed to comprise all the evolutionary descendants of a common ancestor the great ape and human cladeControl a person or thing used as a standard of comparison for checking the results of a survey or experimentin an experiment a control group is NOT exposed to the treatmentintervention and serves as a comparison for evaluating the effect of the treatment Deduction a systematic method of deriving conclusions from general to specificyou know what will happen and test to see that it does Physicalists used deduction for scientific experimentationEmpirical observation observations observed from experiments or experience rather than theory or pure logic historical narratives used by physicalists and it replaced historical narratives after the scientific revolutionEssentialism Belief that everything has an essence perfect set of unchanging characteristics that makes them what they are and that once created they will never changeExtinction the death of the last individual in a species or the last species in a lineage Introduced by CuvierEvolutionary taxonomy branch of biological classification that classifies organisms using a combination of phylogenetic relationship and degree of evolutionary changes essentially natural taxonomy with evolution taken into account
More Less

Related notes for BIO3102

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.