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Carboniferous and Permian periods Keywords.docx

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University of Ottawa

Carboniferous and Permian periods KeywordsAbdomen This is the part of the body on a vertebrate that contains the digestive organs in mammals this is bounded by the diaphragm and the pelvis In an insect this is the last of the 3 segments of the body that contains all of the organs Albumen This is the egg white or protein content of an egg Allantois The fetal membrane lying below the chorion in many vertebrates formed as an outgrowth of the embryos gut Ametabolous metamorphosis These insets emerge from eggs as immature version of the adult These insects dont have wings and the insects just simply grow in size Amnion The innermost membrane that encloses the embryo of a mammal bird or reptile This is a thin tough membranous sac that encloses the embryo and is filled with a serous fluid in which the embryo is suspended This is like an aquatic environment for the embryo Amniotes This is an animal whose embryo develops in an amnion and chorion and has an allantois These animals are mammals reptiles and birds Amphibia One of the classes of vertebrates that live on land but bred in water these include frogs newts salamanders and toads When these animals first came on land they were trying to escape the oxygen deprived oceans also their skeletons had to strengthen to be able to hold them up The amphibians are the first to use the new food source insects they use their tongues and they shoot the tongue out Many of these go through a transformation because the embryo must still be hatched in water and are hatched as tadpole which grow to the adult amphibian Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi This is one of the types of mutualism that the fungi and plants have The fungus penetrates the cells of the roots of the vascular plant The fungi helps plants capture the nutrients from the soil sulfur nitrogen phosphorus and plants give the fungi the glucose needed Archegonium This is the female sex organ in mosses liverworts and fernsArthropod This is the largest phylum in the animal kingdom These are invertebrates having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made if chitin This includes insects crustacea and arachnidsAscocarp The mature fruiting body of an ascomycetous fungus This is also the reproductive structure in which haploid nuclei fuse to form a zygoteAscomycota A subdivision of Eumycota sac fungi Ascus This is a membranous sac where the spores of Ascomycota are developed
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