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Roman last year notes.docx

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Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLA1102
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Spring

Description
RomanCivilizationWhyarewestudyingRomeWeowealottotheRomansinasensewerejustmodernRomansLatinisntdeaditjustevolvedintomodernlanguagessimilartotheRomanempireTraditionsofthechurchglassblowingpaningglassarchesvaultsconcretedicecityplanninggridpatternssewersflushtoiletsalphabetlettersbathbuildinglawthecalendarthemonthsandtheirnamesthedaystheweeksetcbookscodexnovelssciencefictionautobiographieslanguagevocabularydistanceinchesfeetmilesweightouncepoundsartRomeisaplaceofunbelievablecontrasteveryonelivedinpeaceintheRomanEmpireunliketodaybutatthesametimetherewasslaveryandgladiatorsandpublicdeathandstuffandtortureFoundationofRomemythologicalStartswithapartyallthegodsareinvitedexceptDiscordiaSoshecreatesagoldenapplethatsaysthemostbeautifulonitandthrowsitintothepartyHeraAthenaandAphroditeallfightoveritSotheyalldecidedonahumanjudgeandtheypickasheperdParisSoallthegodsbribedParisbutParischoosesAphroditebecausesheoffershimHelenofSpartaSoParisgetsHelenbutHelenshusbandwantsherbacksohegetsallhisfriendstogethertoattackTroySotheyusetheTrojanhorseanofferingtoAthenaThentheygetintothecityandtheyburnthecitybecauseTroystealstheofferingSomeTrojansescapethoughwhenthecitywasburnedOneofthepeoplewhoescapedwasAeneasEventuallyAeneasreachesItalyandtheTiberriverTherehefoundsacitynamedLaviniumHehasasonfromhisfirstmarriageeithercalledIulusorAscaniusHissondoesntwanttoruleLaviniumwhenAeneasdieshewantstofoundhisowncitySohegoesoffandfoundsAlbaLongaSothen14kingsdescendthfromhiminAlbaLongaThe14kingsare2twinsonenamedNumitorandonenamedAemuliusNumitoristhegoodkingandAemuliusisthebadkingNumitorwasbornfirstsohegetstobekingbutAemuliusejectsNumitorandkillshissonsNumitorhadadaughterthoughbythenameofRheaSilviaAemuliusmakesRheaSilviaavestalvirginwhoifshehassexisburiedaliveHoweverMarswantsherandrapesherandimpregnatesherShegivesbirthtoRomulusandRemusTheseguysarehalfgodhalfhumanAemuliusfindsoutandordersthemdrownedHeputstheminbasketsandletsthemfloatontherivertodrownthemButthebasketisfoundbyashewolfwhosucklesthemandtakescareofthemThentheyarediscoveredbyafarmernamesFaustulusHeraisesthemassheperdsSincetheyarepartdivinetherefatherhastotellthemtheyareadoptedSothetwotwinsraisedanarmyandkilledAemuliusandputNumitorbackonthethroneRomulusandRemusthenfoundtheirowncityTheydecidedtoitatthespottheywerefoundattheRiverHowevertherearetwoTiberplacestofoundacitytherethePalatineHillandtheAvatineHillRemuswantedtofoundthecityontheAventinebecausehesaw6vulturesflyingwhenhewalkedthereanomenfromthegodsRomuluswantedtofoundthecityonthePalatinebecausehehadseen12vultureswhenhetraveledthereSotheypartedandcreatedtheirowncitiesRomulusfoundedhiscityonthePalatineandhecreatedawallarounditandaPomeriumwhichisadivinecircleplowedbyanoxaroundthecityRemusrealizesthatRomuluschosethebetterplacesoRemustakesaswordandleapsovertheholyditchPomeriumThatbringsbadlucksinceanarmedpersoncrossedthePomeriumatthefoundingofthecitySoRomuluskillsRemusandsaysThuswillperishwhoevercrossesmyholyditchPomeriumcancellingthebadluckThusRomeisfoundedonacaseoffratricideRomuluscalledthecityRomaafterhimandbecameitsfirstkingonApril21753BCGeographicalInfluencesandAdvantagesofRomeRomeislocatedontheSEsideoftheTiberRiverItisclusteredwithmanyhillsthefamous7hillsofRomearethePalatineAventineCapitolineQuirinalViminalEsquilineandCaelianThesehillsarecutbyasmallriverLatiumistheLatinwordforflatAndthelanguagethatwasspokeninLatiumwasLatinThegeographicallygoodthingsaboutRomeare1Lotsofhillsmakeiteasytodefend2TheTiberRiveroffersandeasyroutetotheseaandaneasyrouteinlandtheTiberisgoodfortraveltradeetcBecauseofTiberIslanditisaneasyplacetocross3ThepeopletotheNorthofRomearecalledEtruscansandthepeopletotheSoutharecalledGreeksWhenthesetwonationswanttotradewitheachothertheymustpassthroughRome4LotsofnaturalresourcesTimberforbuildingandfuelstoneforbuildingmetaldepositsandsaltfromtheoceanthRomancivilizationbegantobeinfluencedbytheEtruscanstotheNorthInthe8thcenturyBCtheGreeksstartcolonizingthesouthofItalyBythe6CenturyBCtherewere36GreekcoloniessouthofRomeThisbegantoinfluenceRomancivilizationThisresultsinamixofthenaturalRomanculturetheEtruscancultureandtheGreekcultureAreaAroundRomepg53TheearliestgravesthathavebeenfoundaroundRomeareneartheTiberriveraround1000900BCThereisevidenceforpopulationgrowthfromabout830770BCincludingthespreadingofbuildingsfromthePalatinehillovertootherhillsThereisevidenceofthisfoundinthegravesthathavebeenfoundontheEsquilinehillRegalPeriod753BC509BCFromthefoundingofRomebyRomulusBetween750BC725BCthereisevidenceofthefirststonewallthePomeriumaroundthePalatinehillMuchlikealittlevillagewhenitbeganthMoreandmoresettlementbytheGreeksfromthesouth8centuryinparticularThetradingbetweentheEtruscansandtheGreeksencouragestravelthroughRomeRomebeginstogrowveryquicklyByabout700BCRomecontrolsahinterlandofabout7kmonallsidesRomebeginstoexercisedominionovertheterritoryarounditincludingtheveryfertilevolcanicsoil550BCRomehasbecomeadevelopedcityStonebuildingspopupratherthanthatchingamarketplaceiscreatedapalaceadrainagesystemcentralmeetinghallCuriaeventuallycalledsenatehouseunifiedreligiouspracticesspecificromanreligionBecauseoftheEtruscanandGreekinfluenceRomebeginstoemulatethemandthbeginstodeveloplongdistancetradebetweenforeignnationsduringthe6centuryBCNorthernItalyNorthAfricaGauletcBecauseofthegrowthofRomeitbeginstodevelopastandingarmyBecauseofthemoneyfromtradeRomebeginstohavealargerarmywhichresultsingreaterpoliticalandmilitaryinfluenceetc7KingsofRome1RomulusLATINaNotalotofpeoplewantedtocometoRomesoRomuluscreatedRomeasasanctuarybThusRomeissettlesbyalotofcriminalsandmalescThisisaproblembecausewomenareneededtoexpandthepopulationdThusRomulusorganizesagiantreligiousfestivalandinvitestheSabinestellingthemtobringtheirwivesanddaughterseInthemiddleofthefestivaltheRomanmenburstoutandkidnappedallthewomenandthenkickedalltheSabinemenoutfThemengobacktotheirowncityandtheyplantoattackRomegHoweverthewomencomebetweenthetwoarmiesandbegthemtostophTheSabinesagreeandtheystopfightingiRomulusaskstheSabinestocomelivewiththeminRomejTheyagreeandtheSabinekingTitusTatiusbecomescokingofRomewithRomulus2NumaPompiliusSABINEaTheofficialsecondkingofRomeafterRomulusbHewastheonewhogaveustheoriginalversionofthecalendarAdding2monthsontotheoriginal10monthRomancalendar3TullusHostiliusLATINaMilitaryking4AncusMarciusSABINE5TarquiniusPriscusETRUSCAN6ServiusTulliusLATIN7TarquiniusSuperbusTarquinETRUSCANaEverybodyhateshimbecausehebecomesatyrantbItshissonSextusTarquiniuswhocausesaproblembecausehefallsinlovewithLucretiawhowantsnothingtodowithhim
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