Final Exam Review: 12/07/2013
Without boundary lines there would be no others and there would be no self.
Defining ourselves as cultural beings in relation to communication with others
Igor Klyukanov: everything we say only exist as dialogue with others.
Says there are 10 principles
Compass includes: (starting from the middle): principles, theories, propositions, concepts.
• Racial identity
• Bio and physical characteristics
• National Identity:
• Members of a group with the same historical and geographical past within a geographical
space and administration structure
• Ethnic identity:
• Common symbolic history
• Shared language, beliefs, rituals
• Sense of groupness Boundary principle elements;
people from different cultures have certain boundary demands.
reflective self image:
Cultural identity comes from conceptualization of the self, that derive from the group.
Boundary Principle: intercultural cmn= process by people from different cultures define their
collective identities by having boundary lines from others and looking for a mutual/acceptable boundary fit.
Exists because it helps explain why cultural identities are formed.
Uncertainty Principle *
Constructing knowledge from intercultural cmn
Objective; help understand and appreciate the inherent uncertainty of intercultural cmn.
To establish the Boundary Fit people must know:
Who they are
What other cultures think of them (reflective self image)
Other cultures identity
***OBJECTIVE VS. SUBJECTIVE***
What is the nature of knowledge:
Objective approach; knowledge exist objectively and is external to people. To know something is to capture and represent its meanings
Determinism: people are to rely on variables and behave in patterns in predictable ways
Subjective approach: knowledge does not exist in things, it is formed between people and the objects as
subjects of inquiry.
*also called humanistic or interpretive approach*
Voluntarism: people do not behave on impulse but they have free will.
Goal: interpret peoples interactions
To know something is to capture and represent its meanings at it relates to others things, etc.
Intercultural cmn is inherently variable and subject to reinterpretation; that is why we cmn and clarify, to
reduce the uncertainty the best we can.
A degree of uncertainty. We must deal with it, share information with others and understand their
information ourselves. Intercultural cmn is a process of disclosure.
Observer’s paradox: Thinking that we are scientifically objective but in reality we are part of an
objective world and interact with one another.
Performativity Principle: enactment of meaning
to help understand how intercultural cmn is performed
intercultural cmn; playing out our identities & moving from rules to roles. People present a certain image of themselves & act so this image is understood.
Done by nonverbal and verbal cmn
Verbal: language: using, written language, sounds or phonemes (distinct units of sound)
Cultural artifact: object created by a specific culture group for a specific purpose. Artifacts are symbolic.
Paralanguage, (meaningful sounds characteristics. Dramatically af