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Roberts and Grossman Chapter 26.docx

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University of Ottawa

CRM1300Readings Roberts and Grossman Chapter 26The Consequence of Incarceration for Young Offenders Canada has provisions for youth offenders in its legislations that suggest that imprisonment should only be used sparingly when dealing with youthoHistorical belief that youth are more vulnerable than adults their special needs and need to avoid stigmatization were original impetus for youth custody facilitiesoCustody affects young offenders more than it does adultsResearch suggests that young people experience prison in a different wayyoung prisoners more likely to be involved with disciplinary infractions including assaults on other inmates an staffoYouth tend to experience higher levels of anxiety suicide risk in older prisoners more linked to psychiatric illness versus suicide risk among young prisoners usually a function of their inability to cope with the prison environmentIncarceration takes the youth offender out of social circulation detrimental to their developmentmay place them at risk for reoffending delinquency and other problem behavioursoAdolescence challenges their physical intellectual emotional and social development more difficult with the prospect of a custodial sentencenegative impact on an adolescents development of personal identity in a highly restrictive institutional environmentoPeers also play an important role in an adolescents life than an adults liferelationships formed at this stage of life help shape later adjustments to lifeYouth have also reported that bullying occurs in young offender detention centres between 2045 of respondents reported victimization during the course of their sentenceoYouth also have a harder time dealing with negative relationships bullying at school versus the custody centres are different because it is harder to escape the bully in a detention centreFear of seeking for help and being labelled a ratadolescent codethe inmate codeTypes of Young Offenders in CustodyCompared to other adolescents youth in custody are vulnerable because of high levels of psychiatric problems and difficult family backgroundsoHigh prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the incarcerated youth populationincludes unipolarbipolar depression alcohol dependence ADHD conduct disorder PTSD and separation anxiety disorder
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