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Criminology notes.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM1300
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
1Rachel HughesCrim 1300First daysyllibisLecture 1Why are we hereSlide 2Objective one ConceptualizationCategorizationIndividualistic versus macro accountsConsensual versus conflict perspectivesTypology of TheoriesApproaches to CriminologySlide 3ConsensualistConflictMacroSystem analysisSystems critiqueMicroindividualisticWhy do people offendHow are individuals harmed by crime and criminal processesObjective twoSlide 4We need to understand how power and knowledge shapes the world around us in order to bring about changeThere is therefore no need to draw a shard divide between academic and applied criminology they are mutually dependent Notes on lecture 1 Objective one ConceptualizationcategorizationCrim is not an ordinary disciplineSomeone could me more or less macro or microMicro down to the very focus cultural explanations of crime that makes them prone to violent youth groupsMacro structure are more important for counting for peoples behaviour where does your agency come from It comes from your genes and biologyHow you were brought up for example 2Is this more of a macro or micro theory to answer that what does this author think the source or human agency is Clue if you think that most deviance is the product of things internal to your genes etcwill you likely have a more consensual or conflictive view of societyIf something has gone wrong it must have something to do with something thats inside them People slip into deviance and crime because the system might be set up wrong and therefore if we experiment and try and correct our setup we might have a better result Conflict theory the existing theory does work anymore exist anymore it must be replacedSlide 2Objective two DenaturalizationAll aspect of society are social inventions many of them are recent inventionsIf you grow up in a certain area institutions and whatnot seem natural to you What is crime yesterday isnt necessarily crime today things change all the time Ex infidelity use to be a criminal offence Things shift The problem is social order The things that we have invented we shouldnt assume them to be natural because they arent And cannot be changed Objective threeDo not separate theory from applied research Deductive vs deductionDeductive look upDeduction Scientific theory gonna test it and if the data Deduction Starting from the top and going to the theory started with the general tested with specific3Lecture 2 The twin Streams of the discipline of CriminologyWhat is criminologySlide 1A rendezvous point for many disciplines providing unique perspectives which includes their strengths and liabilities on issue of crime criminality criminal justice security and public safetyEdward Sutherland and Donald Cressey see Pg 9 of your linden readerCriminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon It includes within its scope the processes of making laws of breaking laws and of reacting to the breaking of laws the objective of criminology is the development of the body of general and verified principles and of other types of knowledge regarding the processes of law crime and treatment Linden goes on to note this definition Implies that criminologists take a scientific approach to the study of crime perhaps not thoughScience deductivetesting predictive theories based on observed data with the objective of improving theories predictive powerPostmodernanalytic more inductivelooking at the world to explain HOW we have gotten to where we are not so much WHYStream One System analysis and critiqueSlide 2Cesare Beccaria on Crimes and Punishments 1764 is one of the most influential texts of this classic school of criminology Beccaria concerned himself with the question of how the criminal justice systemof which the law is of course an important componentought best to be structured in addressing the issue of crimeScience of criminal justice certain swift proportionatewhat WORKS to reduce crime and produce collective safetyStream two What makes offenders tickSlide 3Cesare Lombroso The pathology of criminalsLombrosos insistence on the accurate and deliberate measurement of the physical anomalies of known criminals has for many established him as the first fully scientific criminologists While this particular approach to theorizing crime causation was eventually to be discredited through the wake of evidence supporting conterargument the principles of the Italian school of positivism were gradually to become influential not only in intellectual circles but in the development of less uniform and more individually oriented forms of penal treatment
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