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CRM 1300.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM1300
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
September 26 20131136 PM Chapter 1 3 main agencies the police the courts and the correctional systemConservative party introduced new laws 20061Increasing the number of mandatory minimum penalty laws that remove judicial discretion from judges at the timeof sentence2Limiting the number of individuals who can be granted a conditional sentence3Reducing the eligibility for parole and eliminating the faint hope clause that allowed individuals convicted of murder to apply for a review after serving 15 years of their life sentenceBill C10 the Safe Streets and Communities ActOmnibus BillThe fast growing portions of the inmate population continue to be those most marginalized within our society the mentally ill women and aboriginals p2Americanization p3Key factorsreducing crime rate higher levels of educational attainment higher employment rates higher wages and the increase of the number of police per capitaSocial controlCrime2 definitions1Focuses on the violation of a criminal law2Focuses on the determination of guilt in a criminal courtAccording to Edwin Sutherland crime is better viewed as a violation of social normsCJS3 categories the police the courts and the correctionsCJS3 main aims to control crime to prevent crime to maintain justiceSpecific deterrence punishing offenders in the hope they will refrain from committing crime in the futureGeneral deterrence warning others that if they commit a criminal act they too will be punished when caughtCJS1Guilt innocence and the sentence should be determined fairly and in accordance with the available evidence2Punishment should fit the offence as well as the offender3Likes cases should be treated alike and different cases differentlyJustice model a model of criminal justice that emphasizes legal rights justice and fairness A main feature of this model is that any punishment should be proportional to the seriousness of the crimeDisparity refers to a difference but one that does not necessary include discrimination p429Legitimate factors appropriate legal factors the seriousness of the offence and the prior record of the offenderIllegitimate factors extralegal factors race religion and genderDiscrimination1Systemic discrimination2Institutionalized discrimination
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