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CRM1300 C.docx

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University of Ottawa

September 6 2012CRM1300 CProf McCuaigOffice FSS 13002Hours Monday 10301230 TA Chelsea FSS 2011 Tuesday 100230 cfarr099uottawacaTA Karl FSS 2011 Friday 9301100 kgueb011uottawacaREAD CHAPTER 1 AND 4 BY Tuesday September 11 2012Chapter 1 Crime Criminals and CriminologyClass conflict theory Laws are passed by members of the ruling class in order to maintain their privileged position by keeping the common people under controlConsensus theory Laws represent the agreement of most of the people in society that certain acts should be prohibited by the criminal lawCriminology The body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon It includes the process of making laws breaking laws and reacting to the breaking lawsHuman rights The minimum conditions required for a person to live a dignified life Right to life liberty security of the person right to be free of torture right to equality and the right to the basic necessities of lifeLegal definition of crime Crime is an act that violates the criminal law and is punishable with jail terms fines and other sanctions Norms Established rules of behavior or standards of conduct Value An idea about what is right or wrong good or bad and desirable or undesirable in a particular culture Whitecollar crime Crime that is committed by middleand upperclass people in the course of their legitimate business activities The discipline of criminology includes six major areas 1 The definition of crime and criminals what kind of acts are defined as criminal 2 The origins and role of the law it is important to understand the social origins of our laws as well as the role that law plats in society 3 The social distribution of crime we must know the characteristics of people who commit crimes trends cities countries and types of crime 4 The causation of crime why do people commit crimes and why dont people commit crimes 5 Patterns of criminal behavior with each category of crimehomicide theft and sexual assault who are the offenders Who are the victims Where are the offences most likely to take place What are the consequences for the victims How can particular crimes be prevented 6 Societal reactions to crime how best to deal with offendersOur behavior is strongly influenced by norms many of which we have internalized Much of the time we dont even consciously think about the rules that govern our behaviorRules are enforced informally which means the consequences may be disapproval of from our family and friendsIn some cases rules are formalized into lawsHagan proposed that deviance and crime be considered as a continuum ranging from least serious to most serious acts Seriousness can be assessed by three dimensions The degree of consensus that an act is wrong The severity of the societies response to the act The assessment of the degree of harm of the act Crime is socially defined We must understand the social context of an act before we can determine whether it is deviant and how it should be classified Consensus theorists believethat law represents the will of most of the people in a societyConflict theorists believe that law reflects power relationships in society as those with power use the law to help maintain their positions Four categories of crime and deviance consensus crimes conflict crimes social deviations and social diversions
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