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Politics Power and the Common GoodChapter OneUnderstanding PoliticsBasic Concepts AuthorityLegitimacy Authority the right to exercise power stemming froman outside authority like the constitution supernaturalauthority and election or tradition Legitimacy the acceptance by the governed of theright to rule by those in positions of authority whether ornot it was established by lawAuthority and legitimacy 2Authority and legitimacy are two poles of asocial relationshipAuthorityObligationLegitimacyAuthority refers to the right of commandObligation refers to the sense of dutyLegitimacy refers to the belief in rightness ofgovernementFrom Dickerson and Flanagan An Introduction to Government and Politics 2006 4The State in Max WeberPolitics as a Vocation 1918Sociological definition of the stateThe State as the monopoly of legitimate violenceThree basic legitimations of domination Charismatic Authority Mahatma Gandhi Traditional Authority elders monarchs LegalRational Authority constitutionsAuthorityLegitimacy 3The Significance of LegitimacyA government that is not seen as legitimate will have tospend and extraordinary amount of time and resourcesto persuade or coerce its citizens to obey laws and tomaintain orderIllustrationsExamples Legitimacy Crisis the Constitutional Peasants scene inThe Quest for the Holy GrailLegitimacy IssuesLast Afghanese and Iranian electionsThe coalition proposition in 2008 CanadaGovernments seen as imposed by foreign powersForms of democracy I Direct Democracy citizens participating directly inpolitical decisions and the administration of thecommunity Athens in the 5th Century BC Anarchosyndicalism and 70s communes Representative Democracy citizens vote forrepresentatives on a regular basis who are thengoverning the community on their behalf Most contemporary democracies CanadaForms of democracy II Liberal Democracy Singapore as an illiberal democracy Fareed Zacharia in a 1997 Foreign Affairs article Plebiscitary Democracy Plebiscites in Napoleons Empire Referendums and citizen initiatives in Switzerland Deliberative Democracy The ideal of deliberationpublic debate Citizens panelsjuries in BC1 The meaning of representation2 Electoral systems3 Voting behaviourDiverse models of representationDelegateTrusteeParty MemberMicrocosmThe delegate model Views of the constituents have priority Representation of localspecific interests Binding mandatespecific sets of instructionsExunions US representative culture original agenda of the Reform PartyThe trustee model Reliance on personal judgement Illustration Edmond Burke 1774 Contemporary example Free votes Certainly Gentlemen it ought to be the happiness andglory of a Representative to live in the strictest union
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