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The Upper Middle Ages and Renaissance Contains all material from her powerpoint as well as, material she added in the lecture and highlights important points for the 1st midterm. (** = need to know for midterm)

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University of Ottawa
Deborah Landry

Tuesday, September 21, 2010 Review The Burning times: What factors emerged in tandem with the witch hunts? Trade expansion – peasant lands taken The Black Plague 1300s (Black death) – 200 yrs of epidemics Women’s vs. Men’s mortality Rise of medicine 1400s 1486 Malleus Maleficarum - Emergence of Capitalism (profit ethic) – “it became a business”; had to keep records, pay someone to make the witch go to trial etc. Modern Witch Hunts? McCarthyism (1920/1940-50s) Dark Age of Quebec (1920-30s) – fear of communism Japanese Internment (1940s) War on Drugs (1970s/1980s) War on Terror (2000s) War on Crime? … The Upper Middle Ages 1300s: church & secular struggle for power Expansion of townships: More attractive lifestyle Burghers - live in cities Merchants, traders, beggars Material wealth – in terms of individs Market economy – sell things and have money, therefore individs could have wealth, not just royalty Cities – had walls around them Townships would go into war Magna Carta 1215 Foundation of: English Constitution & Parliament 1642 English Civil War – didn’t get used much til after Individ rights: Jury – again bringing more power to individs Prosecution w/o cause Without delay Evidence (witness) “Separating” power – diffusing power of judge, king, church Less central power and shifting power to ppl *****Section 38, 39, 40 – know the rights outlined in each****** How is Justice Impacted? Secular Law Deviance – against King’s peace Devine right of Kings loses favor of the ppl Hierarchy of courts & bureaucracy Circuit judges – travel around Common law – contracts between individs Juries System of taxation – ppl paying into a system for more power of ppl The Renaissance (1492-1700s) Rediscovery of Greek Classics – creating hierarchies of order in terms of justice Aristotle (384-322 BCE) Test for knowledge Logic Earth Sciences Classification Dissection Birth of Humanism – ability of the human mind Time of re-thinking – mysticism to rationalism – switching to thinking logically Universities emerge – not formal institutions but we created this ordering Liberalism Dissent – if it’s against the church it doesn’t matter, using a system of logic Royal Catholique Church loses power Printing Press – publishing more books Birth of Science: Radical Idea: Search for answers in nature (laws) – if we understand these laws we can perfect them Nature made perfect by “man” (sci)
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