Study Guides (248,644)
Canada (121,651)
Criminology (536)
CRM1301 (85)

Positivism.docx

4 Pages
92 Views

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Positivism Focuses on why people commit crimes Auguste Comte (1798 – 1857) - Three stages of evolution - Theological - Metaphysical - Positive What is Positive Criminology? - A Method o Scientific o Cause and effect o Ojective - Paradigm o Framework that shares set of assumptions o Within a paradigm have different theories o 3 strains What are the basic characteristics of Positivism? - Determinism o Hard: they believe that people have no free will o Soft: they believe in conditional free will. They have a constrained free will - Differentiation: the idea that there is something different with people who commit crimes - Focus on actors: very concerned with the actors. Want to know why the crime happened. - Punishment should fit the individual: every person is unique - Offenders can be cured: they can be treated and potentially rehabilitated - Reliance on experts Why did positivism come to dominate? - Classical school did not locate the causes of crime - Crime was increasing - Promise of a solution - No limits on treatment - Could utilize existing institutions - Did not challenge the status quo – does not question power General Problems with Positivist Theories - Over prediction of crime - What about expectations? - Assumption of difference - Are criminal and non-criminals really that different? - Belief in determinism - What about free will? - Ignores criminalization process - Why are certain behaviours illegal and not others? - Belief in a normative consensus Biological Positivism - They believe that criminals are physiologically different and that’s why they commit crimes Phrenology: the belief that our brain is split up into different areas that represent traits. It was believed that a professional could feel bumps in the head and determine that that area is used most Cesare Lombroso (1835 – 1909) - Provided medical services in army and prison - Compared physical characteristics of individuals - Influenced by Darwin’s theory of evolution o Social Darwinism o Atavists – The Born Criminal - Share characteristics with prehistoric man - Defective genes – inferior - Live by their indicts - Insensitivity to pain - Closer to a primate - Tends to live by
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit