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CRM1301 F.docx

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University of Ottawa

CRM1301 F The History of Criminological ThoughtthththConceptions of crime and punishment during the 18 19 and early 20 centuriesClassical period penitentiary reform movement first scientific studies Italian positivist school and other studies at the turn of the centuryTest 1 30 multiple choice fill in the blank crisscross and short answer questionsthJanuary 12Course overviewIntroduction to Theory Crime is decreasingWe are usually victimized by people we know1824 is the age range most likely to be victimizedPoor people are more likely to be apprehended for crimeProperty crime is much more likely than violent crimeViolent crime does not have the most negative affect on societyCanadians are 18x more likely to die from a work related injury than an assault or murderTypes of knowledge1Direct experience2Authority the turning to certain people for wisdom3Higher power Gods or the demonic4Theory and science logical system based on empirical evidenceExampleA person with a background in biology is helping farmersShe notices that a farmer places dead fish on top of seedsThe farmers claim the fish is a gift to godThe fish is a fertilizer1 The fish is good for the crop 2 The village official enforces this rule3 God gives a gift4 Fish decomposes and feeds plantTheory an attempt to explain the world around usWe want life to be simpler safer and more certainA theory is a hypothesis an understanding an explanation simple complex abstract or completeIt is a particular way of looking at thingsIt is not the answer or the truthIt is also a systematic attempt at explaining somethingIt expresses a relationship between 2 or more phenomenon and the conditions in which it takes placeUltimately the goal is to control the scenarioLevel of study micro individualistic or macro collectivistic belonging to Durkheim and Marx Basis of studyConsensusConflict
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