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All Community Intervention Notes.docx

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University of Ottawa

Wednesday January 8 2014Class 1Why Community InterventionInterventionConscious planned concerted actionto alleviate eliminate social problems Informalformal Informal Enacted by regular citizens volunteers community groups such asneighbourhood watchFormal CJS itself intervenesReactiveproactive Reactive dealing with a situation after it has occurredgovernments tend to be morereactive Proactive trying to prevent something from happening in the futureCrime as Social ProblemIntrinsically linked to other social problemsUniversally relevant No one wants to be victimized Socially economically costlyPotentially devastatingcan overwhelm usAffects social fabricOf communitiesif many people are being incarcerated Crime allows us to feel in control because we can take control of it and deal with itCauses of CriminalityParental criminalityOpportunityStigmaPovertyInequalityRacismDeteriorated communitiesChild abuseLack of schoolingUnemploymentMental illnessTypes of CommunityGeographicalPhysical areaslook at the boundaries on a mapCommunity is a containerAssumption that everyone who lives in that space shares something in commonsuch as shared interests race culture socioeconomic status InterestCommonshared characteristics Often elective communitiesyou choose to belong to themIntentionalbelong to them to advance a common goalEg Church gangs the internet sports Facebook clubs etcAttachmentBased loosely on geography and loosely out of interestsuch as being Canadian We think of ourselves as Canadian and fundamentally different than Americans Not only geography but ideology as wellMost interventions are still fixated on the geographic aspectsTheorizing Community in Social LifeCommunity lostBeing lost in contemporary societyCommunity savedSaved by peoplestill exists but in different formsCommunity liberatedcommunity as being transformed Needs to be liberated from the constraints of geography or territorythe nature of togetherness is changingCommunity LostWellman 1979 Urbanizationindustrializationdecline in personal associationsCreated the climate for us to be wary of one anotherForms the basis of modern sociology and criminologyThe problem with big citiesIncreasing anonymity amongst citizens if you dont know your neighbours you dont know what theyre doing People dont know one another so they cant help one anothermay become increasingly unwilling to intervene Types of CommunityTonnies 1887Moving away from the sense of community that existed in small rural environments Provides immediate direct contact among individualsDefines relationships in a specific wayUsed to have a certain level of selfsufficiency in these small townspeople would rely on others to help with only the things that you couldnt do yourselfIn big cities we rely on others to do everything and it is done in a very anonymous way As we move into bigger cities communities declineGemeinschaftDiscuss communities and how they regulate the relations of individualsGesellschaftSense of community declines as people move into bigger citiesChicago SchoolAll different neighbourhoods in a city have a symbiosis with each othermutual benefit the components are dependent on one another Cities are like bodies ecosystemsA theory of placenot a theory about peopleThey commit crime because of the place in which theyre locatedSocial Disorganization of CommunitiesResidential instabilityPeople want to leave the transitional zone ASAP Do not wantdo not have time to get to know each other Racialethnic heterogeneitySomething that could lead to a lot of conflicta barrier to get to know neighbours dont speak the same language have the same values cultures etcPovertyIn this place people are poorone of the reasons why these neighbourhoods are disorganized Parents working to support their families so kids are left alone with no guidance AnonymityCommunity LostSocial ties are deteriorating because we are losing communityImpersonalUtilitarian instrumental TransitoryEncounter a lot of people all the time for brief momentsnot getting to know anyoneSegmentedFractions of time not the same person all the timeBecoming increasingly anonymousCommunity as NetworksSocial networksrelationshipsties strongfamily members close friends close neighboursor weaknot necessarily intimateclose relationships school friends a professor you can ask for a letter of recommendationWeak ties can allow you to gain something but are not strong relationships Builds sense of selfNavigate demands of everyday lifefeel more secure We need both strong ties and weak ties
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