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Healing Lodges2-1.doc

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Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge A Movement for Change in Aboriginal Female Offender PopulationsCRM 3316AMichel DoironUniversity of OttawaNovember 12 2009The over representation of the Aboriginal population in Canadas corrections facilities have been an ongoing dilemma in both federal and provincial institutions As Canadas model for handling incarcerated populations moves towards a more dynamic approach how we deal with our largest population within it is also evolving Currently 18 percent of all federal inmates are Aboriginal which is exacerbated in the Prairie regions where Aboriginal males constitute 37 percent and Aboriginal women account for 51 percent of federal institutional populations Griffiths 2007297 Aboriginal over incarceration rates can be traced back as a result of the historical colonialist political legal policing processes along with the added implementation of white stream justice Furthermore it is aggravated by a blemished past of failed policies and treaties that served to repress and assimilate Aboriginal traditional way of life into mainstream western rule MontureAngusSamuelson 2002157161 By presenting this information it seems only natural that formulating an alternative method for handling the Aboriginal offender should be constructed In the last decade Correctional Service of Canada CSC has taken on that task gearing programs treatments and facilities to the specific needs of the Aboriginal population more specifically to that of the Aboriginal women offender Until recently women were subjected to policies and programs that were tailored towards male inmate populations disregarding the specific and unique needs that the female population presentsOne of CSCs response to these dynamic needs and in part due to Creating Choices The Report of the Task Force on Federally Sentenced Womens recommendations a facility called Okimaw Ohci Healing Lodge OOHL was established in 1995 The federal facility is located in Saskatchewan near Maple Creek on land that belongs to the Nekaneet First Nations Women Offender
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