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Academic CriminologyPopular CriminologyTwo Ways of Knowing 090911Lecture 1 mass media intended for a large audience mainstream started in the 1920s since the printing press attempting to highlight the forms of media to communicate the same types of stories in the same types of waysnews values types of values that mainstream media holds that governs the type of stories they choose to present to us and the way they choose to frame those storieshow things are framed has a lot to do with moneybroadcast print internet mass mediacrime the two purposes of entertainment and enlightenment frequently become intertwined in our society and the two become infotainmentmany shows first 48 come off as factual and real but it is a source of entertainment society ends up feeling like they have knowledge about crime scenes etc this blurring of the two purposes becomes problematic because we start to use the same sort of techniques to present information in news that we do in crime dramas crime dramas offer reenact real crimes dramatization academic criminology the objective is to create this verifiable body of knowledgesystematic study of crime etiology extent nature and prevention of crime and criminalitylaw and justice and legal scholars are associated with criminality as wellcultural criminologists say academic criminologists become obsessed with this aesthetic of precision which is the fact that we are going to convey truth because were doing a systematic study and are able to measure variables and analyses studiesat the end of the day we can present factscultural criminologists believe there cannot be one truth let alone be able to present very many actual facts that are based in the real world they believe there is no objective reality that exists and that we are constantly in the process of creating reality as we interact with one another on a daily basiswhat happens in the practice of academic criminology aesthetics of precision aesthetics of authorityobjective needs to be precise and objective if there is one single truth it can be seen as subjective and arguedacademic criminology eliminates first person has intext referencing equations tables and statisticstaking subjective knowledge biases life experiences and making it seem objective because there are support and other authors who believe the same thing so it must be truepopular criminologists would say this makes criminology less relevant because we are so fixated on academic criminologyacademic criminologists are focused on publishing in increasingly narrow publications popular criminology put forward as a parallel discourse operating at the same time but a different way of thinking about crime and criminality then academic criminology the themes in mass media overlap popular criminology and academic criminology popular criminology is going to tell us more about what is going on in society at the exact time political and social conditionsacknowledging the messiness of crime dealing with human actors and suggesting that media and popular culture are going to tell us a lot of important things about how we view crime and criminality and it is something worth studyif were looking at the audience size presented to society popular criminology size is considered bigger because of the number of people consumingfictionalized accounts of crimes and criminals are important for study to look at how people use them in their daily lives or even the way news media frames thingsits going to tell us a lot about what society feels about the nature of good and evil tell us things about how we identify with victims what we think of offenders and what we believe to be offensive fictionalized accounts allow us to feel something for people we may believe are completely different than us example prison films allow us to feel something for prisoners that we would normally dismissethically popular criminology confronts the audience with moral positions often times a passionate way and you are forced to grapple with various ideas and stances about crime and criminality that you might not otherwisephilosophy ethics psychologymethodologically messierconstructing a social realityour ways we construct a realityexperienced reality knowledge you gain from what happens to you personally in your lifeconversational knowledge interactions with other peoplesocial groupsinstitutions church family schoolyou are socialized by social groups and institutions to hold particular values and beliefsmass media social media popular media the way we interact with people and converse with people is very mediatedconversational knowledge social groupsinstitutions and mass media create symbolic knowledgelanguage becomes important in all three mediated social realityis real real enoughor does it have to be mediated to be seen as it really happened
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