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CRM1301 Quiz: The roman empire.docx

Course Code
CRM 1301
Deborah Landry
Study Guide

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The roman empire – classic antiquity
“the birthplace of democracy”
City states-cities who are independent, conquering territory or other city states, independent
Not many documents available from Sparta due to the fact they are mainly warriors, women as
Athens was more scholarly and we know more about them because of them, women not
allowed out without men, very democratic, voted on everything, believed in dispersing power,
women not allowed to vote, the people had slaves, no prisons in this system, slavery was
mainly the punishment, exile another.
We have a nostalgic feeling about history, it must not get in the way of facts, can’t use today’s
logic on history.
Recollections about “rationality”
The birthplace of democracy
Slaves and women
Rationalism: everything and everyone has its proper place and function (virtue)
(your job is to fulfill the requires roles in society)
Purpose of law (p.45 of the reading)
oPerfection in virtue (getting used to where you are in society)
oEssential freedom
oPolitical community
The sophists: 469-399 BCE
Taught the art of rhetoric (elite)
Law is created by man (relativism) not a natural order (or gods)
Good: what people in a polis define as good
Attempt at secularism (attempt to remove religion or supernatural from law)
Socrates and plato
Socrates: free justice truth and virtue chit chat (university)(asking questions; the Socratic
Challenged sophists but offered no doctrine of virtue
399 BCE: trial of Socrates: corrupting the youth and impiety
oDikasts (jury, selected by lottery)
Formal and ritualized
oAvoid concentrated authority
Adversarial system (one vs another)
oCharacter was important
oHierarchy of citizens
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