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DVM2350 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Tums, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Ten Thousand Villages

International Development and Globalization
Course Code
Tamara Kotar
Study Guide

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Angelique Bulathsinhala
September 17th 2014
#1 DVM Blog Post
Part I- Lecture/Tutorial Discussion
On September 10th we discussed the broad topic of Classical Liberalism. Classical
Liberalism arose as a byproduct of the Enlightenment age, where reason over
tradition became relevant. In Europe common folk, elite and the poor turned
towards the Church to *nd meaning and guidance in life. Human kind was said to be
corrupt by the Church and philosophers like Thomas Hobbes.
Hobbes believed that human life was solitary in nature, it was brutish and poor,
without rules; human life was complete chaos. Hobbes introduced the idea of
signing a social contract with the Leviathan, so individual could join a common
wealth, where they could escape the state of nature. The Leviathan had absolute
power over the common wealth, for the purpose of providing defense and peace.
The idea of the social contract is relevant in the religious community, where
individuals truly believe in giving their lives to God; a higher power that will save
them from sin and guide them to everlasting life. Many Evangelist go door to door
spreading the word of the Bible, trying to show non-believers that being a Christian
comes with its bene*ts. In a way Christians sign themselves into a social contract
with God, who they believe will save them from the bonds of natural sin and give
them everlasting life. Hobbes believed that human in their natural state was like a
beast. Thus civilization saves humanity from our primal depravity.
Further on in the class we touched upon the philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau, a
contemporary radical who believed that humans were naturally good. "Man is born
free, and everywhere he is in chains." In contrast to Hobbes' view that human life
was "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short," Rousseau declared that innately good
and it is "civilization" that turns man into a "beast." Rousseau’s saying made me
think about the chains of student debt on youth. Knowledge is to set you free, but in
modern society students are chained by debt to receive an education that promises
them a better future. After school student debtors are crushed under the burden of
expensive education. Rousseau unlike Hobbes says that society cages us, it corrupts
us but because of our general will, we our compelled to join the common wealth.
Part II- Discuss Readings
“An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith
o>ers an investigation into the nature and causes of wealth in a nation. The
classical economist overwhelmingly talks about the importance of the division of
labour, accumulation of property and self-interest as a major driving factor in the
accumulation of wealth.
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